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Useful Tropical Plants

Callerya dasyphylla

(Miq.) A.Schott

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Millettia dasyphylla (Miq.) Whitmore

Millettia maingayi Baker

Millettia oocarpa Prain

Padbruggea dasyphylla Miq.

Padbruggea maingayi (Baker) Dunn

Phaseolodes maingayi (Baker) Kuntze

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Callerya dasyphylla is a robust climbing shrub producing twining stems that can be from 5 - 35 metres long and often reach into the canopy of the forest. The stem can be 2 - 15cm in diameter[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
1532
Title
A Revision of Callerya Endl. (including Padbruggea and Whitfordiodendron) (Papilionaceae; Millettieae)
Publication
Blumea 39 (1994) 1-40
Author
Schot A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food.

Known Hazards

The raw seed is injurious to health[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Millettia and related species in general contain a range of toxic substances, especially isoflavones. Rotenone is probably the best known of these isoflavones and it is found especially in the seeds and roots of the plants. Rotenone is often used locally as a fish poison - the rotenone kills or stuns the fish making them easy to catch, but the fish remain perfectly safe for warm-blooded creatures to eat. Rotenone is classified by the World Health Organization as moderately hazardous. It is mildly toxic to humans and other mammals, but extremely toxic to many insects (hence its use as an insecticide) and also to aquatic life, including fish. This higher toxicity in fish and insects is because the lipophilic rotenone is easily taken up through the gills or trachea, but not as easily through the skin or the gastrointestinal tract. The lowest lethal dose for a child is 143 mg/kg, but human deaths from rotenone poisoning are rare because its irritating action causes vomiting. Deliberate ingestion of rotenone, however, can be fatal.
The compound decomposes when exposed to sunlight and usually has an activity of six days in the environment.
Millettia species often also contain other potentially toxic compounds, especially saponins and alkaloids[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Botanical References

1532
Title
A Revision of Callerya Endl. (including Padbruggea and Whitfordiodendron) (Papilionaceae; Millettieae)
Publication
Blumea 39 (1994) 1-40
Author
Schot A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.

Habitat

Forest borders and along watersides[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Evergreen forest, secondary forest, disturbed forest; in dense jungle, sandy coastal fringe of trees, scrub or light forest along riversides; at elevations up to 900 metres[
1532
Title
A Revision of Callerya Endl. (including Padbruggea and Whitfordiodendron) (Papilionaceae; Millettieae)
Publication
Blumea 39 (1994) 1-40
Author
Schot A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Plants are found in the wild on granitic, rocky soil, on limestone or sandstone[
1532
Title
A Revision of Callerya Endl. (including Padbruggea and Whitfordiodendron) (Papilionaceae; Millettieae)
Publication
Blumea 39 (1994) 1-40
Author
Schot A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

Seed - cooked[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Eaten boiled or roasted they are palatable and nourishing[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
]. The densely velvety, elliptic seedpod can be 7 - 17cm long x 3 - 9cm wide, containing one or two large, ellipsoid seeds fused together The seeds can be 45 - 65mm x 30 - 40mm x 15 - 25mm thick[
1532
Title
A Revision of Callerya Endl. (including Padbruggea and Whitfordiodendron) (Papilionaceae; Millettieae)
Publication
Blumea 39 (1994) 1-40
Author
Schot A.M.
Publisher
 
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The raw seed is injurious[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. No reason is given, but it is likely to be due to the presence of saponons (commonly found in legumes), and which are destroyed by cooking, or possibly due to the presence of isoflavones which are often found in Millettia and related genera[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and sow in a container in a lightly shaded position. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on until large enough to plant out.
Layering in spring.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood with the leaves removed[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Callerya+dasyphylla>

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