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Useful Tropical Plants

Calamus balerensis

Fernando

Arecaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Calamus balerensis
Drawings of the plant
Photograph by: The Gardens' Bulletin, Singapore Vol 41 (2) 1988
Creative Commons License

General Information

Calamus balerensis is a spiny, evergreen, palm growing up to 3 metres tall. It produces a cluster of very slender, unbranched stems around 6mm in diameter with internodes up to 8cm long[
1020
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Vol. 41
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Ministry of National Development, Singapore
Year
1988
ISBN
0374-7859
Description
A botanical journal, this issue includes descriptions of four new rattan (calamus) species.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for its stems, which are used locally for craftwork.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1020
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Vol. 41
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Ministry of National Development, Singapore
Year
1988
ISBN
0374-7859
Description
A botanical journal, this issue includes descriptions of four new rattan (calamus) species.

Range

Southeast Asia - Philippines

Habitat

In forest with large boulders, facing the sea, at elevations around 50 metres[
1020
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Vol. 41
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Ministry of National Development, Singapore
Year
1988
ISBN
0374-7859
Description
A botanical journal, this issue includes descriptions of four new rattan (calamus) species.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Climber
Height3.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Most species in this genus are more or less vigorous climbing plants in rainforests. Leaves of young plants are normally damaged if exposed to too much light, though leaves of older plants will usually tolerate full sun. In general, plants are likely to grow best with their roots in the shade but with enough gap in the canopy to encourage their stems to grow up towards the light. They are also likely to grow best in a humus-rich soil[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. Many of the species require fairly moist conditions for good growth, in fact several of them grow in wet soils or in areas with seasonal inundation - where we have the information it will be included under the plant’s habitat.
Overhead shade should be manipulated at about 6-monthly intervals for the first 2 - 3 years of a young plant’s life to ensure they receive sufficient light to grow vigorously. About 40 - 50% light penetration is generally considered to be ideal for promoting stem growth.
Little care is needed once the seedlings are established. It is important, however, to weed the area surrounding the seedlings occasionally until the plants are more than 2 metres tall.
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.

Edible Uses

Although we have no specific information for this species, many members of this genus have potentially edible young shoots. Indeed, in Laos the shoots are considered to be a delicacy and over half the species growing there are said to be cooked and eaten as a vegetable. The top 100cm of the plant is used. If the leaf sheaths are left in place until just before cooking then the shoot will remain fresh for up to one week[
984
Title
Speciality Rattans of the ASEAN
Publication
Blumea 54, pp 39 - 43
Author
A. C. Baja-Lapis
Website
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/nhn/blumea
Publisher
National Herbarium, Nederland.
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
A description of the uses and agricultural practices for 11 selected species of rattan.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The stems are used in handicrafts[
1018
Title
A Field Guide to Philippine Rattans
Publication
Asia Life Sciences Supplement 5
Author
Aida C. Baja-Lapis
Publisher
Rushing Water Publishers Ltd; Philippines
Year
2010
ISBN
0117-3375
Description
A very useful book with concise information on the various rattan species that grow in the Philippines
].
The stems of the closely related Calamus usitatus are of good quality and are used for baskets, furniture and handicrafts[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Propagation

Seed - it has a fairly short viability and is best sown as soon as it is ripe.

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