If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Cajanus scarabaeoides

(L.) Thouars

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Atylosia pauciflora (Wight & Arn.) Druce

Atylosia scarabaeoides (L.) Benth.

Cantharospermum pauciflorum Wight & Arn.

Cantharospermum scarabaeoides (L.) Baill.

Cantharospermum scarabaeoideum (L.) Baill.

Dolichos medicagineus Roxb.

Dolichos minutus Wight & Arn.

Dolichos scarabaeoides L.

Rhynchosia biflora DC.

Rhynchosia scarabaeoides (L.) DC.

Stizolobium scarabaeoides (L.) Spreng.

Atylosia villosa Baker

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Cajanus scarabaeoides is an annual to perennial climbing plant with twining stems up to 2 metres long growing from a woody rootstock. The slender stems scramble over the ground, twinging into the surrounding vegetation for support. The plant can form thick mats of growth over the ground[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
,
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a for and a medicine. It is used as a green manure and cover crop in plantations.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - southern China, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, through southeast Asia to New Guinea and Australia

Habitat

Fields, roadsides, grassy slopes, seasides; at elevations from 100 - 1,500 metres[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. Open grassland, dry scrub and deciduous monsoon forests. It also occurs on ridges between cultivated fields and along roadsides[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial Climber
Height2.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Requires a sunny position. The var scarabaeoides is found in the wild on heavy soils, whilst var pedunculata is found on sandy, lateritic soils[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].
It is also introduced in coastal west Africa and is considered a weed of open grasslands on Pacific islands[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Edible Uses

Young seedpods - cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].

Medicinal

A traditional Chinese medicine, it is used for improving digestion and diuresis[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. (part not specified)

The whole plant is used in the treatment of swelling and pain in the leg during pregnancy; night fevers; renal stones; eye diseases; dropsy; anaemia; hemiplegia; burns and wound;, small-pox; syphilis; gonorrhoea; spermatorrhoea; gravel; cholera; dysentery; snake-bite and rinderpest[
1440
Title
Pharmacognostic standardization and phytochemical investigation of Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars
Publication
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 10(1): January- March, 2018
Author
Anindya Sundar Ray & Chowdhury Habibur Rahaman
Website
http://10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00018.3
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
0975-2331
Description
 
]. A decoction of the whole plant, combined with honey, is taken orally as tonic after a woman has given birth[
1440
Title
Pharmacognostic standardization and phytochemical investigation of Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars
Publication
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 10(1): January- March, 2018
Author
Anindya Sundar Ray & Chowdhury Habibur Rahaman
Website
http://10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00018.3
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
0975-2331
Description
 
]. Combined with black pepper (Piper nigrrum), a decoction of the plant is used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery[
1440
Title
Pharmacognostic standardization and phytochemical investigation of Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars
Publication
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 10(1): January- March, 2018
Author
Anindya Sundar Ray & Chowdhury Habibur Rahaman
Website
http://10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00018.3
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
0975-2331
Description
 
].
The juice of the plant is used as a treatment for diarrhoea and dysentery[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].

A paste of the leaves is administered orally to cure swellings in the body[
1440
Title
Pharmacognostic standardization and phytochemical investigation of Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars
Publication
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 10(1): January- March, 2018
Author
Anindya Sundar Ray & Chowdhury Habibur Rahaman
Website
http://10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00018.3
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
0975-2331
Description
 
].
The fresh leaf paste is applied topically to get relief from the pain of rheumatism. A paste of the fresh stem and leaves is applied to sores and to areas affected by venereal diseases[
1440
Title
Pharmacognostic standardization and phytochemical investigation of Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars
Publication
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 10(1): January- March, 2018
Author
Anindya Sundar Ray & Chowdhury Habibur Rahaman
Website
http://10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00018.3
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
0975-2331
Description
 
].

The powdered root is taken orally in order to improve the digestion, treat stomachache and reduce abdominal gas.
An extract of the crushed roots is used as ear drops in the treatment of deafness[
1440
Title
Pharmacognostic standardization and phytochemical investigation of Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars
Publication
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 10(1): January- March, 2018
Author
Anindya Sundar Ray & Chowdhury Habibur Rahaman
Website
http://10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00018.3
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
0975-2331
Description
 
].

The crushed seeds are used as a parasiticide to rid the body of tapeworm[
1440
Title
Pharmacognostic standardization and phytochemical investigation of Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars
Publication
Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 10(1): January- March, 2018
Author
Anindya Sundar Ray & Chowdhury Habibur Rahaman
Website
http://10.5958/0975-4385.2018.00018.3
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
0975-2331
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is used to enrich pastures and as a green manure[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. It is grown as a cover plant in teak plantations[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-10-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cajanus+scarabaeoides>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.