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Useful Tropical Plants

Caesalpinia major

(Medik.) Dandy & Exell

Fabaceae


This name is not universally accepted. Caesalpinia major is treated as a synonym of Caesalpinia globulorum Bakh.f. & P.Royen in some treatments.
In a recent revision of the genus (Edeline Gagnon et al; A new generic system for the pantropical Caesalpinia group (Leguminosae) PhytoKeys 71: 1-160; 2016), it has been proposed that this species be renamed Guilandina major (DC.) Small. It is almost certain that this change will come about, but we are awaiting an authorative revision of the genus Guilandina before moving this species[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Bonduc majus Medik.

Caesalpinia broomensis Hochr.

Guilandina ovalifolia (Urb.) Britton

Guilandina major (DC.) Small

Common Name: Mato Amarillo

Caesalpinia major
The stem and its cross-section
Photograph by: Australian National Botanic Gardens
Creative Commons License
Caesalpinia major Caesalpinia major

General Information

Caesalpinia major is a spiny, climbing shrub producing woody stems up to 15 metres long and 4cm in diameter[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
]. The stems and leaves, with their recurved spines, make a thicket of this species practically impossible to move through[
354
Title
Plants of Guam
Publication
 
Author
Moore P.H. & McMakin P.
Website
http://university.uog.edu/cals/people/POG/scipn.htm
Publisher
University of Guam.
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details, usually with a photo, of plants native to the island of Guam, often together with some information on their uses. An online version is available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Guyana; C. America - Belize, Guatemala; Caribbean to SE N. America (Florida); Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka to Philippines, New Guinea

Habitat

Found in a variety of coastal habitats, thickets and disturbed places, as well as in primary forest, at elevations up to 1,000 metres, exceptionally to 1,400 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height12.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The roots are anthelmintic and tonic A decoction is drunk to rid the body of parasites, and also in the treatment of rheumatism and backache[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The roasted and ground seeds are drunk as a kind of coffee to cure respiratory illnesses[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The gray seeds are used in the treatment of diarrhea. Three of the seeds are cracked and boiled with three young fruits of lada (Morinda citrifolia) and three plants of maigo lalo (Phyllanthus amarus). The resultant tea is very bitter and is taken internally[
354
Title
Plants of Guam
Publication
 
Author
Moore P.H. & McMakin P.
Website
http://university.uog.edu/cals/people/POG/scipn.htm
Publisher
University of Guam.
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details, usually with a photo, of plants native to the island of Guam, often together with some information on their uses. An online version is available.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-07-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Caesalpinia+major>

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