If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Caesalpinia kavaiensis

H.Mann

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Mezoneuron kauaiense (H.Mann) Hillebr.

Common Name:

Caesalpinia kavaiensis
Flowering tree
Photograph by: David Eickhoff
Creative Commons License
Caesalpinia kavaiensis Caesalpinia kavaiensis Caesalpinia kavaiensis Caesalpinia kavaiensis Caesalpinia kavaiensis Caesalpinia kavaiensis Caesalpinia kavaiensis

General Information

Caesalpinia kavaiensis is a shrub or small tree growing from 3.5 - 10 metres tall[
353
Title
Hawaii's Species of Greatest Conservation Need
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/dofaw/cwcs/Conservation_need.htm#Species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets produced by the state Government of Hawaii giving information on some of the most endangered species on the Islands.
].
The wood was traditionally used by local people to make spears. The plant is too rare nowadays to be harvested.
The plant is endemic to the islands of Hawaii and Oahu. Eight subpopulations are known, totalling 60 individuals, however, many of these are senescent and probably are non-reproductive. Threats include pigs, cattle, deer, goats, introduced plants, rats, fire, volcanic eruptions, sheep, black twig borer and collection by humans. The plant has been classified as 'Critically Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Pacific - Hawaii.

Habitat

Dry and moist forests[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Dry forest ecosystems, ranging in elevation from 78 - 910 metres[
353
Title
Hawaii's Species of Greatest Conservation Need
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/dofaw/cwcs/Conservation_need.htm#Species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets produced by the state Government of Hawaii giving information on some of the most endangered species on the Islands.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusCritically Endangered
Other Uses Rating *
HabitTree
Height8.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



Seed grown plants flowered after 2 1/2 years at Waimea Arboretum[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
]. There are reports that seedlings have flowered after 1 year while still in their pots[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The almost black wood is highly valued for its colour, grain, and density[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
353
Title
Hawaii's Species of Greatest Conservation Need
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/dofaw/cwcs/Conservation_need.htm#Species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets produced by the state Government of Hawaii giving information on some of the most endangered species on the Islands.
]. It is very hard, close-grained and very durable[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. It was traditionally used for making spears, and also a fishing implement known as la‘au melomelo or la‘au maklei[
353
Title
Hawaii's Species of Greatest Conservation Need
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/dofaw/cwcs/Conservation_need.htm#Species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets produced by the state Government of Hawaii giving information on some of the most endangered species on the Islands.
].

Propagation

Seed - germinates best if scarified or soaked in warm water prior to sowing[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
]. If scarifying, do not penetrate more than the outer seed coat, and do not soak in water afterwards as this increases the likelihood of the seed rotting[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
]. Treated seed usually germinates in 7 - 21 days, older seed taking longer than fresh and very old seed sometimes taking several months[
353
Title
Hawaii's Species of Greatest Conservation Need
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/dofaw/cwcs/Conservation_need.htm#Species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets produced by the state Government of Hawaii giving information on some of the most endangered species on the Islands.
,
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
]. Seedlings do not transplant well so it is best to sow the seed in individual containers. Keep the planting medium a bit on the dry side since the seedlings are susceptible to root rot[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
].
Plants may grow slowly after initial germination; a foliar application of phosphorus may be helpful[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
].
For storage, air dry the cleaned seeds at room temperature. Store the seeds in a paper bag or envelope with desiccant in a refrigerator or freezer[
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
].

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.