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Useful Tropical Plants

Cabralea canjerana

(Vell.) Mart.

Meliaceae

+ Synonyms

Cabralea affinis A.Juss.

Cabralea brachystachya C.DC.

Cabralea burchellii C.DC.

Cabralea cauliflora Harms

Cabralea clausseniana C.DC.

Cabralea corcovadensis C.DC.

Cabralea coriacea C.DC.

Cabralea eichleriana C.DC.

Cabralea erismatica A.C.Sm.

Cabralea estrellensis C.DC.

Cabralea floribunda Harms

Cabralea gaudichaudii C.DC.

Cabralea glaberrima A.Juss.

Cabralea glaziovii C.DC.

Cabralea humilis C.DC.

Cabralea inaequilatera Casar.

Cabralea jussiaeana C.DC.

Cabralea lacaziana Rizzini

Cabralea laevis C.DC.

Cabralea lagoensis C.DC.

Cabralea lundii C.DC.

Cabralea macrantha (C.DC.) Harms

Cabralea macrophylla C.DC.

Cabralea microcalyx Harms

Cabralea montana C.DC.

Cabralea multijuga C.DC.

Cabralea oblongiflora C.DC.

Cabralea oblongifoliola C.DC.

Cabralea oligotricha A.Juss.

Cabralea pallescens C.DC.

Cabralea pedunculata C.DC.

Cabralea pilosa C.DC.

Cabralea poeppigii C.DC.

Cabralea polytricha A.Juss.

Cabralea riedelii C.DC.

Cabralea rojasii C.DC.

Cabralea rubiginosa C.DC.

Cabralea schwackei C.DC.

Cabralea selloi C.DC.

Cabralea silvatica C.DC.

Cabralea sulcata C.DC.

Cabralea tomentosa Casar.

Cabralea villosa C.DC.

Cabralea warmingiana C.DC.

Trichilia canjerana Vell.

Common Name: Canjarana

Cabralea canjerana
Fruiting branch
Photograph by: João Medeiros
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0

General Information

Canjarana is a deciduous tree growing 20 - 30 metres tall with an open, pyramidal crown. The bole can be 70 - 120cm in diameter[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use, timber and dyestuff.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana; C. America - Costa Rica.

Habitat

Rainforests and semi-deciduous forests[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Common in primary forests, it is also found as a pioneer and in secondary forests, usually on clayey soils and humid slopes[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Found at elevations from sea level to 2,000 metres in Ecuador.

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height25.00 m
Growth RateSlow
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Succeeds from low to medium elevations in the Tropics.
Prefers a sunny position[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
A slow-growing plant[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark of both stem and roots is used medicinally, though that of the root is the more powerful[
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
]. They are abortifacient, antiarthritic, digestive, emetic, febrifuge and narcotic[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. They are used in the treatment of swamp fever and dropsy[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].

A wood extract is used in the treatment of dyspepsia and skin afflictions[
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
].

Other Uses

A red dye is obtained from the sawdust when it is soaked in water[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

The heartwood is typically dull red or maroon, sometimes lighter coloured with purplish streaks; it is not always sharply demarcated from the pinkish sapwood. The texture is medium to coarse; the grain generally straight, sometimes wavy; the wood has a fragrant scent when fresh but is without odour or taste when dry. The wood is moderately heavy, firm, strong, rather brittle, fairly durable, being resistant to attack by decay fungi and insects. It is easy to work and finishes smoothly. It is used locally for construction work, interior and exterior of houses, furniture, joinery, carving, fence posts for marshy ground, etc[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
,
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. It is a favoured wood for carving in Brazil[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed - it only has a short viability of up to 30 days[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. The fleshy aril should be removed immediately, since that can hinder germination[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Sow in a shaded nursery bed. Germination is slow, with a low proportion of the seed germinating. The young plants grow away slowly.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-10-15. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cabralea+canjerana>

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