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Useful Tropical Plants

Butea superba

Roxb.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Butea superba
Seedpods. Credit: Carl C. Hansen (Smithsonian Institution)
Photograph by: Public.Resource.Org
Creative Commons License
Butea superba Butea superba

General Information

Butea superba is a large, evergreen climbing shrub with stems 20cm or more in diameter growing from a very large, spindle-shaped root. The branched stems can climb to the tops of large trees, twining around the branches for support[
460
Title
Flora Medica
Publication
 
Author
Lindley J.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans: London
Year
1838
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work - many of the botanical names have changed, but the book is still a wealth of information.
,
666
Title
Plants of the Coast of Coromandel
Publication
 
Author
Roxburgh W.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
 
Year
1795
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the uses of plants growing on the southeastern coast of India. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of fibre, gum and dyestuff.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

666
Title
Plants of the Coast of Coromandel
Publication
 
Author
Roxburgh W.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
 
Year
1795
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the uses of plants growing on the southeastern coast of India. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

E. Asia - India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.

Habitat

Forests in mountain areas[
666
Title
Plants of the Coast of Coromandel
Publication
 
Author
Roxburgh W.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
 
Year
1795
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the uses of plants growing on the southeastern coast of India. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Climber
Height25.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Butea species generally prefer a moist, well-drained soil and a position where it can grow into full sun[
974
Title
Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants - Identification and Cultivation of over 3,000 Tropical Plants
Publication
 
Author
Ahmed Fayaz
Publisher
Firefly Books Ltd.; New Zealand
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-55407-489
Description
A good photograph and terse but detailed information for over 3,000 species of tropical plants. An excellent reference.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A gum obtained from the bark is astringent[
460
Title
Flora Medica
Publication
 
Author
Lindley J.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans: London
Year
1838
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work - many of the botanical names have changed, but the book is still a wealth of information.
].

The root is used as a rejuvenative[
1574
Title
Estrogen-like activities and cytotoxicity effects of Thai herbal medicines as natural ingredients in anti-ageing
Publication
J. Med. Plants Res., Vol. 5(31), pp. 6832-6838, 2011
Author
Bancha Yingngam, Nuttapun Supaka & Wandee Rungseevijitprapa
Website
http://10.5897/JMPR11.1223
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
1996-0875
Description
 
]. A spoonful of a paste made from the root is taken in a cup of water by a woman to facilitate an easy delivery[
1576
Title
Some Ethnomedicinal Plants of Family Fabaceae of Chhattisgarh State
Publication
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge Vol. 5(4), pp 551-553, 2006
Author
Tirkey A.
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The root is combined with an equal proportion of the roots of Nyctanthes and Woodfordia floribunda, the seeds of Cassia tora and Vernonia anthelmintica, and the stem juice of Trichosanthes palmata - these are made into a paste with cow's urine and used as a local application to treat the poisonous bites of animals[
615
Title
Pharmacographia Indica
Publication
 
Author
Dymock W.; Warden C.J.H.; Hooper D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Education Society's Press, Byculla; Mombai.
Year
1890
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the principal plant medicines encountered in India in the 19th century.
].

An ethyl alcohol extract of the root has shown interesting oestrogenic properties. In addition, it has been shown to reduce cell death from oxidation. The plant has potential as an active ingredient in preparations for the treatment of skin-ageing in post-menopausal women[
1574
Title
Estrogen-like activities and cytotoxicity effects of Thai herbal medicines as natural ingredients in anti-ageing
Publication
J. Med. Plants Res., Vol. 5(31), pp. 6832-6838, 2011
Author
Bancha Yingngam, Nuttapun Supaka & Wandee Rungseevijitprapa
Website
http://10.5897/JMPR11.1223
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
1996-0875
Description
 
].

Other Uses

A gum is obtained from the plant[
387
Title
Economic Products of India. Volume 1.
Publication
 
Author
Watt. G.
Publisher
Government of India: Calcutta.
Year
1883
ISBN
 
Description
Although over 100 years old, it still contains a wealth of information on useful plants. Many of the botanical names have been changed since then, so you have to check for up to date names. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. A juice, which naturally exudes from cracks and wounds in the bark, hardens into a most beautiful, ruby-coloured, brittle, astringent gum. It dissolves perfectly in water and partially in spirit[
460
Title
Flora Medica
Publication
 
Author
Lindley J.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans: London
Year
1838
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work - many of the botanical names have changed, but the book is still a wealth of information.
]. It is said to be similar to the gum obtained from Burtea monosperma[
387
Title
Economic Products of India. Volume 1.
Publication
 
Author
Watt. G.
Publisher
Government of India: Calcutta.
Year
1883
ISBN
 
Description
Although over 100 years old, it still contains a wealth of information on useful plants. Many of the botanical names have been changed since then, so you have to check for up to date names. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The following is an account of the gum for Butea monosperma:-
A red exudate is obtained from the tannin-rich vesicles in the bark[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. It hardens into a gum, known as Butea gum, or Bengal kino and can be used medicinally, as a dye or for tannin[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
,
387
Title
Economic Products of India. Volume 1.
Publication
 
Author
Watt. G.
Publisher
Government of India: Calcutta.
Year
1883
ISBN
 
Description
Although over 100 years old, it still contains a wealth of information on useful plants. Many of the botanical names have been changed since then, so you have to check for up to date names. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It occurs in the form of round tears, often fragmentary. It may be purified by solution in water. It is of a brilliant ruby-red colour, translucent and brittle, heat rendering it more so instead of melting it[
387
Title
Economic Products of India. Volume 1.
Publication
 
Author
Watt. G.
Publisher
Government of India: Calcutta.
Year
1883
ISBN
 
Description
Although over 100 years old, it still contains a wealth of information on useful plants. Many of the botanical names have been changed since then, so you have to check for up to date names. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Infusions of the flowers are used as a dye. When applied to cotton cloth that has previously been impregnated with a solution of alum, a beautiful bright yellow is obtained; a little alkali changes it to a deep reddish orange[
460
Title
Flora Medica
Publication
 
Author
Lindley J.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans: London
Year
1838
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work - many of the botanical names have changed, but the book is still a wealth of information.
].
A yellow dye can be obtained from the leaves

A strong fibre is obtained from the roots and young branches[
454
Title
Useful Fiber Plants of the World
Publication
 
Author
Dodge C.R.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
USDA; Washington.
Year
1897
ISBN
 
Description
A rather dated, but very comprehensive catalogue of fibre plants from around the world. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The dark-brown wood is porous and very fibrous[
480
Title
Green Manures and Manuring in the Tropics
Publication
 
Author
Sornay P. De. Translated by Flattely F.W.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
John Bale, Sons and Danielsson Ltd.: London
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent work on the subject, even if it was written almost 100 years ago. It also includes a section of useful Legumes. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Air layering.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-12-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Butea+superba>

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