Bunchosia cornifolia Kunth
Malpighia nitida Jacq.
Bunchosia nitida is an evergreen tree growing 7 - 15 metres tall. The thin, straight bole can grow up to 20cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit, which is consumed locally. The tree also has good potential for use as a pioneer species to re-establish woodlands.
S. America - Peru, Ecuador, Colombia; Central America - Panama to Mexico.
An understorey tree, normally found along forest edges, open areas in the forest and along the sides of beaches[
]. Moist, wet, or rather dry thickets, sometimes in rather open forest, at elevations up to 1,400 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Requires a sunny position[
]. The tree is apparently tolerant of salty environments, given its frequent close proximity to the coast[
This species is notable for its large annual crops of mealy-textured, red fruits that are sweet and good-tasting when ripe[
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. Sweet and pleasant tasting, with a mealy texture[
]. The red fruits are about 3cm in diameter, with a thin mealy flesh surrounding 2 seeds[
The tree is a good example of a pioneer - or secondary forest - species since it requires large amounts of sunlight in order to prosper and it is one of the first trees to colonize an area after it has been disturbed[
Seed - extremely thin skinned, the seeds germinate rapidly in the wild upon reaching the moist forest floor - usually within two or three weeks[
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