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Useful Tropical Plants

Bunchosia nitida

(Jacq.) DC.

Malpighiaceae

+ Synonyms

Bunchosia cornifolia Kunth

Malpighia nitida Jacq.

Common Name:

Bunchosia nitida
One ripe and several ripening fruits
Photograph by: Barry Hammel
Creative Commons License
Bunchosia nitida Bunchosia nitida Bunchosia nitida Bunchosia nitida Bunchosia nitida

General Information

Bunchosia nitida is an evergreen tree growing 7 - 15 metres tall. The thin, straight bole can grow up to 20cm in diameter[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit, which is consumed locally. The tree also has good potential for use as a pioneer species to re-establish woodlands.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Range

S. America - Peru, Ecuador, Colombia; Central America - Panama to Mexico.

Habitat

An understorey tree, normally found along forest edges, open areas in the forest and along the sides of beaches[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
]. Moist, wet, or rather dry thickets, sometimes in rather open forest, at elevations up to 1,400 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height12.00 m
PollinatorsBees, Insects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Requires a sunny position[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
]. The tree is apparently tolerant of salty environments, given its frequent close proximity to the coast[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].
This species is notable for its large annual crops of mealy-textured, red fruits that are sweet and good-tasting when ripe[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
]. Sweet and pleasant tasting, with a mealy texture[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
]. The red fruits are about 3cm in diameter, with a thin mealy flesh surrounding 2 seeds[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The tree is a good example of a pioneer - or secondary forest - species since it requires large amounts of sunlight in order to prosper and it is one of the first trees to colonize an area after it has been disturbed[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - extremely thin skinned, the seeds germinate rapidly in the wild upon reaching the moist forest floor - usually within two or three weeks[
510
Title
Trees of Costa Rica's Pacific Slope
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cds.ed.cr/teachers/harmon/page1.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on over 80 species of tree from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-06-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Bunchosia+nitida>

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