Bulbine asphodeloides (L.) Willd., a native of Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland, has often been confused with this species and, as their ranges overlap, it is not always clear to which of the 2 species a medicinal use should be attributed[
Bulbine asphodeloides filifolioides De Wild.
Bulbine asphodeloides monticola Poelln.
Bulbine asphodeloides xanthobotrys Engl. & Gilg) Weim.
Bulbine decurvata Peter ex Poelln.
Bulbine hamata Peter ex Poelln.
Bulbine huilensis Poelln.
Bulbine latitepala Poelln.
Bulbine xanthobotrys Engl. & Gilg
Bulbine abyssinica is a tufted, perennial herb producing a rosette of grass-like leaves from a short rhizome[
]. The leaves are around 35cm long, with a flowering stem up to 80cm long[
]. The plant gradually spreads to form small clumps[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is occasionally traded locally[
Africa - Equatorial Guinea, Congo, DR Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, south to S. Africa; Arabian Peninsula - Yemen.
Small colonies in montane grassland, miombo and mixed deciduous woodlands; wooded grassland on sand; dambo margins; swampy grassland; shallow soils over rock; seepage areas; on rocky hillsides at elevations from 600 - 2,750 metres[
The plant is found from the subtropics to the tropics, growing mainly in drier areas. It can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, including some frost[
Requires a sunny position in a well-drained soil. Prefers a good, humus-rich soil[
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
A fast-growing plant, it can commence flowering within 1 year from seed[
The plant normally has seasonal flowering, but can flower almost all year round in suitable conditions[
The fresh leaf sap is applied to the skin to cure ringworm and rash[
]. The sap is applied to wounds as a disinfectant and to promote healing[
Crushed leaves are used as a dressing for burns and the leaf sap is applied to cracked lips[
Anthraquinones have been isolated from the roots, leaves and fruits[
The phenylanthraquinone bulbine-knipholone has been isolated from the roots. This compound showed in-vitro antiplasmodial activity, and no cytotoxic effects on mammalian cells[
Seed -germinates rapidly, usually within one to two weeks. Seedlings grow fast and can be transplanted when they are at an easily manageable size[
Division of clumps, preferably as the plant comes in to new growth[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.