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Useful Tropical Plants

Buchnera hispida

Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don

Orobanchaceae

+ Synonyms

Buchnera browniana Schinz

Buchnera longifolia Klotzsch

Buchnera macrocarpa Hochst.

Striga schimperiana Hochst. ex A.Rich.

Common Name:

Buchnera hispida
Flowering plant in native habitat
Photograph by: Marco Schmidt; African plants - A Photo Guide
© Marco Schmidt

General Information

Buchnera hispida is an erect, annual plant with a simple or branched stem, growing up to 1 metre tall. A hemiparasitic plant, it grows best as a parasite, favouring the roots of cereal crops such as. sorghum, millet and maize, but it can also grow, although less well, without a host plant[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and dye.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Africa - widespread in tropical and southern subtropical areas; through the Arabian Peninsula to India.

Habitat

A weed of cultivated land, it is also found in well-drained grassland on sandy soils, often in open woodland, at elevations from sea-level up to 1,800 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The plant is a weed of cultivated land which can parasitize roots particularly of cereal crops such as sorghum, millet and maize. However, the plant is hardly ever a serious noxious weed[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The dried powdered plant is mixed with castor oil and applied externally to treat scabies and eczema[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

The whole plant turns blue-black if bruised and becomes black after drying. The dried powdered plant is used as source of a black dye for skin and textiles[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Propagation

Seed - It requires light for germination. Although dark incubation in water before illumination is not absolutely necessary for germination, in tests it caused the seeds to respond more rapidly to light. The longer the time of the dark incubation the more responsive the seeds were to light[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-04-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Buchnera+hispida>

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