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Useful Tropical Plants

Buchenavia tetraphylla

(Aubl.) R.A.Howard

Combretaceae

+ Synonyms

Buchenavia capitata (Vahl) Eichler

Buchenavia ptariensis Steyerm.

Buchenavia vaupesana Cuatrec.

Bucida angustifolia Spruce ex Eichler

Bucida capitata Vahl

Cordia tetraphylla Aubl.

Terminalia hilariana Steud.

Common Name: Yellow Sanders

Buchenavia tetraphylla
Tree growing in an open area
Photograph by: Alex Popovkin, Bahia, Brazil
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
Buchenavia tetraphylla Buchenavia tetraphylla Buchenavia tetraphylla Buchenavia tetraphylla Buchenavia tetraphylla

General Information

Yellow sanders is a deciduous tree with a striking, thin crown composed of a few main, widely spreading nearly horizontal branches[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. It can grow from 6 - 35 metres tall with a cylindrical bole that can be unbranched for up to 22 metres and 60 - 120cm in diameter[
426
Title
Flowering Plants of Jamaica
Publication
 
Author
Adams. C.D.
Publisher
University of the West Indies; Jamaica.
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
A terse treatment of the flowering plants of Jamaica, with a botanical description of each plant, notes on habitat etc.
,
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
,
704
Title
Illustrated Booklet of 25 Forest Species of Putumayo, Colombia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
USAID/Colombia.
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF Document released on the Internet, giving good descriptions and brief notes on the uses of 25 tree species from Colombia.
].
The tree provides a high quality timber, though it is little used commercially[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. It is planted as an ornamental and also to provide shade in southern Florida, where it is reported to be hardy[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

426
Title
Flowering Plants of Jamaica
Publication
 
Author
Adams. C.D.
Publisher
University of the West Indies; Jamaica.
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
A terse treatment of the flowering plants of Jamaica, with a botanical description of each plant, notes on habitat etc.

Range

S. America - Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, the Guyanas, Venezuela; through Central America to Costa Rica; north through the Caribbean to Cuba.

Habitat

Woodlands and thickets in savannah at elevations from 600 - 900 metres in Jamaica[
426
Title
Flowering Plants of Jamaica
Publication
 
Author
Adams. C.D.
Publisher
University of the West Indies; Jamaica.
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
A terse treatment of the flowering plants of Jamaica, with a botanical description of each plant, notes on habitat etc.
]. Forest canopies, chiefly in the lower mountain and moist limestone regions of Puerto Rico, where it descends in some places to the moist coast[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height15.00 m
Growth RateSlow
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of mainly lowland areas in the tropics, but found as high as 950 metres in Colombia and Ecuador.
Requires a sunny position[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. The plant grows very well in deep shade[
704
Title
Illustrated Booklet of 25 Forest Species of Putumayo, Colombia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
USAID/Colombia.
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF Document released on the Internet, giving good descriptions and brief notes on the uses of 25 tree species from Colombia.
]. The plant is probably much more tolerant of deep shade when young than when it grows larger[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. Grows wild in heavy soils[
426
Title
Flowering Plants of Jamaica
Publication
 
Author
Adams. C.D.
Publisher
University of the West Indies; Jamaica.
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
A terse treatment of the flowering plants of Jamaica, with a botanical description of each plant, notes on habitat etc.
,
704
Title
Illustrated Booklet of 25 Forest Species of Putumayo, Colombia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
USAID/Colombia.
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF Document released on the Internet, giving good descriptions and brief notes on the uses of 25 tree species from Colombia.
]. Succeeds in dry soils and exposed sites[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
A very slow-growing tree[
704
Title
Illustrated Booklet of 25 Forest Species of Putumayo, Colombia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
USAID/Colombia.
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF Document released on the Internet, giving good descriptions and brief notes on the uses of 25 tree species from Colombia.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The bark is high in tannins[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

The light yellow to golden-brown heartwood is not clearly separated from the pale yellow sapwood. It has a high lustre; roey or straight grain; medium texture; and growth rings marked by narrow bands of darker pores. The wood is moderately hard; moderately heavy; and strong. The heartwood, sometimes found amongst the timbers of old buildings, is resistant to attack by dry-wood termites and is fairly durable in the ground, but the sapwood is perishable[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. The wood finishes well and takes a high satiny polish[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. Machining characteristics are as follows: planing, shaping, turning, boring, mortising, sanding, and resistance to screw splitting are good.
An attractive, good quality wood, although not widely used, it is highly recommended for furniture and cabinetwork. It is suited also for construction, framing, flooring, plywood, decorative veneer, interior trim, boatbuilding, boxes and crates, and turnery[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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