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Useful Tropical Plants

Bruguiera sexangula

(Lour.) Poir.

Rhizophoraceae

+ Synonyms

Bruguiera australis A.Cunn. ex Arn.

Bruguiera eriopetala Wight & Arn.

Bruguiera oxyphylla Miq.

Bruguiera parietosa Griff.

Rhizophora eriopetala Steud.

Rhizophora polandra Blanco

Rhizophora sexangula Lour.

Common Name:

Bruguiera sexangula
Small trees growing in native habitat
Photograph by: Ria Tan
Creative Commons License
Bruguiera sexangula Bruguiera sexangula Bruguiera sexangula Bruguiera sexangula

General Information

Bruguiera sexangula is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 33 metres tall. The bole can be up to 65cm (exceptionally to 80cm) in diameter with buttresses up to 1 metre high and pneumatophores (breathing roots) up to 45cm[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].
Fuelwood, either directly or after its conversion to charcoal, is probably the main use of this plant, especially at the local leve, though it is also harvested from the wild as a food, medicine and source of tanninl[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Although widespread, this species is uncommon throughout its range, where it is restricted to the middle intertidal regions in larger riverine estuaries and tidal swamps. It is threatened by the loss of mangrove habitat throughout its range, primarily due to extraction and coastal development, and there has been an estimated 21% decline in mangrove area within this species range since 1980. Mangrove species are more at risk from coastal development and extraction at the extremes of their distribution, and are likely to be contracting in these areas more than in other areas. It is also likely that changes in climate due to global warming will further affect these parts of the range. Although there are overall range declines in many areas, they are not enough to reach any of the threatened category thresholds. The plant is classified, therefore, as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet

Range

E. Asia - coastal areas from India and Sri Lanka through southern Asia to New Guinea and New Britain

Habitat

Inland parts of mangrove forests that are not frequently submerged, also growing along river banks and occasionally on sandy shores. Grows in soils with water that is less saline than seawater, preferring easily drained soils[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height20.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Plants are usually found on sandy soils in the wild, but do also succeed on clay[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].
Harvesting of the wood for fuel is usually done manually with axes or matchets, which minimizes disturbance to the mangrove[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Young trees from short-term rotations are preferred as a fuel crop[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

The fruit is sometimes used as an ingredient in the masticatory betel quid[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The fruit is cooked, then soaked overnight and eaten, although it is very astringent[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

A flavouring is obtained from the bark[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Medicinal

The astringent fruit is used as a treatment against shingles[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The roots and leaves are used as a treatment for burns[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

The bark is used as a source of tannin[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Although the bark is thinner than that obtained from Rhizophora spp., it contains more tannin[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

An adhesive is obtained from the bark[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The wood often has an attractive colour. It is straight-grained, fine-textured, heavy, very hard and very strong. It is difficult to saw and work, though it finishes well. It is non-durable to moderately durable when exposed to weather or in contact with the ground. The logs shrink and check excessively in seasoning. In the trade it is not distinguished from Rhizophora wood. The wood is often of too small a dimension to be used for much other than fuel, but that obtained from well-grown trees is suitable for poles and house construction. It is traditionally also used for fishing stakes[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]
The wood makes a good fuel and is also used to make charcoal[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]. Wood from immature plants and branches is usually used for this purpose[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The energy value of the wood is about 20,200 kJ/kg[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed - in a trial in the Philippines seed germinated 5 - 10 days after sowing[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-09-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Bruguiera+sexangula>

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