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Useful Tropical Plants

Brownea macrophylla

Linden ex Mast.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Brownea antioquensis Linden

Brownea macbrideana Standl. ex J.F. Macbr.

Common Name:

Brownea macrophylla
Leaves
Photograph by: Wendy Cutler
Creative Commons License
Brownea macrophylla Brownea macrophylla Brownea macrophylla

General Information

Brownea macrophylla is an evergreen shrub or a tree with a dense, umbrella-like crown; it can grow 4 - 12 metres tall. The branches are somewhat weak and often lean on nearby trees. The short bole can be up to 35cm in diameter. Flowers are produced on the stems, at the base of the branches[
302
Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.
,
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
,
551
Title
A Century of Trees of Panama.
Publication
 
Author
Pittier H. Mell C.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A work that was very difficult to get published according to the correspondence contained at the start!. A treatment of 100 different species with descriptions and details of uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood. It is often grown as an ornamental[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

409
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 38
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1951
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet. This volume contains part of the Flora of Panama and a revision of the genus Aspidosperma, amongst other things.

Range

S. America - Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; C. America - Panama.

Habitat

An understorey tree in rainforests, often in areas subject to periodic inundation[
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
,
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height10.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsHummingbirds, Bees, Butterflies, Insects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist tropics, it cannot tolerate frosts.
Prefers a position in partial shade[
302
Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.
,
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
]. Requires a moist soil, preferring a deep, rich, slightly acid soil[
302
Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.
, 307,].
A slow-growing tree[
307
Title
Tropical and Subtropical Trees - A Worldwide Encyclopaedic Guide.
Publication
 
Author
Barwick. M.
Publisher
Thames & Hudson, London
Year
2004
ISBN
0-500-51181-0
Description
A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life.
].
Plants can commence flowering when 3 - 4 years old from seed.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark, roots and leaves, are used to cure diseases and the grain of the skin[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is brown; the thick band of sapwood very light yellow. The wood is straight and coarse-grained; hard; moderately heavy; strong; very tough. It takes a fairly good polish. It is difficult to split and work on account of its long fibres, whicih impede the action of tools[
351
Title
Fiji Plants: Their Names and Uses
Publication
 
Author
H. B. Richenda Parham
Publisher
Journal of the Polynesian Society
Year
1939
ISBN
 
Description
Published as a supplement in the Journal of the Polynesian Society. Very brief listing of the uses of plants growing in Fiji, listed in order of their native name with no index for the Botanical name.
].
The trunk, which is seldom above 35cm in diameter, is usually hollow and inhabited by ants, so that although the wood is hard and strong, it is not generally used[
351
Title
Fiji Plants: Their Names and Uses
Publication
 
Author
H. B. Richenda Parham
Publisher
Journal of the Polynesian Society
Year
1939
ISBN
 
Description
Published as a supplement in the Journal of the Polynesian Society. Very brief listing of the uses of plants growing in Fiji, listed in order of their native name with no index for the Botanical name.
].

Propagation

Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and benefits from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination[
302
Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.
]. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Brownea+macrophylla>

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