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Useful Tropical Plants

Brownea coccinea

Jacq.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Brownea aroensis Pittier

Brownea capitella Jacq.

Brownea guaraba Pittier

Brownea guaramaco Pittier

Brownea latifolia Jacq.

Brownea longiflora Pittier

Brownea racemosa Jacq.

Brownea speciosa Rchb.

Brownea superba Pittier

Hermesias capitella (Jacq.) Kuntze

Hermesias coccinea (Jacq.) Kuntze

Hermesias latifolia (Jacq.) Kuntze

Hermesias racemosa (Jacq.) Kuntze

Hermesias speciosa (Rchb.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Brownea coccinea
Close-up of the flowers
Photograph by: VoDeTan2
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0
Brownea coccinea Brownea coccinea Brownea coccinea Brownea coccinea Brownea coccinea

General Information

Brownea coccinea is a tree with a dense, spreading crown; it can grow 6 - 9 metres tall[
362
Title
Dominica Botanic Gardens
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.da-academy.org/trees_shrubs.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line resource, providing top quality pictures and some basic information on various plants being grown at the Botanic Gardens, often including uses and habitat.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and a drink. A very ornamental tree, it is commonly cultivated in tropical and subtropical gardens where it is valued especially for its large heads of orange-red flowers which hang primarily beneath the foliage, on older branches[
362
Title
Dominica Botanic Gardens
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.da-academy.org/trees_shrubs.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line resource, providing top quality pictures and some basic information on various plants being grown at the Botanic Gardens, often including uses and habitat.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana; Caribbean - Trinidad.

Habitat

An understorey tree in rocky, shaded gorges at elevations around 600 metres[
502
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 18
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Smithsonian Institute; Washington.
Year
1917
ISBN
 
Description
Includes a treatment of the Annona. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height7.50 m
Growth RateSlow
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of moderate rainfall areas of the tropics, it is also cultivated in subtropical areas[
362
Title
Dominica Botanic Gardens
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.da-academy.org/trees_shrubs.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line resource, providing top quality pictures and some basic information on various plants being grown at the Botanic Gardens, often including uses and habitat.
].

A slow-growing tree[
362
Title
Dominica Botanic Gardens
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.da-academy.org/trees_shrubs.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line resource, providing top quality pictures and some basic information on various plants being grown at the Botanic Gardens, often including uses and habitat.
].
Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

The bark of this species and Clusia grandiflora are boiled into a hot beverage resembling chocolate milk[
922
Title
Non-timber forest products of the North-West District of Guyana
Publication
Tropenbos-Guyana Series 8a
Author
van Andel T.R.
Publisher
Tropenbos-Guyana Programme; Georgetown, Guyana
Year
2000
ISBN
90-393-2536-7
Description
A very detailed study of the peoples and the plants they use, it includes a field guide to almost 500 species of useful plants.
].

Medicinal

The bark is used for treating haemorrhages and women’s diseases such menorrahgia and menstrual pains[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
,
362
Title
Dominica Botanic Gardens
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.da-academy.org/trees_shrubs.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line resource, providing top quality pictures and some basic information on various plants being grown at the Botanic Gardens, often including uses and habitat.
].

The leaves are emollient[
480
Title
Green Manures and Manuring in the Tropics
Publication
 
Author
Sornay P. De. Translated by Flattely F.W.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
John Bale, Sons and Danielsson Ltd.: London
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent work on the subject, even if it was written almost 100 years ago. It also includes a section of useful Legumes. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The flowers, when used as an infusion, are laxative and cooling[
480
Title
Green Manures and Manuring in the Tropics
Publication
 
Author
Sornay P. De. Translated by Flattely F.W.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
John Bale, Sons and Danielsson Ltd.: London
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent work on the subject, even if it was written almost 100 years ago. It also includes a section of useful Legumes. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. They are used in the treatment of coughs and colds, haemorrhages, whooping cough, and tuberculosis[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Other Uses

We have no specific information for this species, but in general the wood of Brownea species is not of high quality. The sapwood is brownish-grey, odourless, tasteless, hard and heavy. The dark-brown to black heartwood is often not developed, it can be durable but is not attractive. The wood finishes smoothly but splinters easily[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-06-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Brownea+coccinea>

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