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Useful Tropical Plants

Brachystegia eurycoma

Harms

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Brachystegia eurycoma is a tree with a large, flat crown of huge, twisted, widely spreading branches; it can grow up to 37 metres tall. The bole is irregular and usually branches from low down; it can be 70 - 200cm in diameter[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine, and also for its wood, which is used locally and also exported. It is suitable for use as a shade providing ornamental tree, especially in the dry season when the it produces masses of coloured young foliage[
882
Title
Phytochemical composition and anti-inflammatory activities of Brachystegia eurycoma seeds and stem bark
Publication
Der Pharma Chemica, 2013, 5(1):224-228
Author
Igwe O.U. & Okwu D.E.
Website
http://derpharmachemica.com/vol5-iss1/DPC-2013-5-1-224-228.pdf
Publisher
Scholars Research Library
Year
2013
ISBN
0975-413X
Description
An on-line publication, a research paper looking at the antiinflammatory activity of Brachystegia eurycoma.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Wes tropical Africa - Nigeria, Cameroon.

Habitat

Common on stream-banks, open woodland, high forest; often with Strombosia santolinoides; at elevations from 500 - 1,150 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Seeds - used as a thickening in soups[
880
Title
Plant Inventory No. 165
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA; Washington.
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plant material (seeds, cuttings etc) recieved by the United States Division of Plant Exploration and Introduction during the period from January 1 to December 31, 1957. It details some plant uses.
]. They are known to cause increased viscosity in soups, giving it more palatability and good mouth feel. The gum also impacts certain desirable functional properties when added in other foods[
882
Title
Phytochemical composition and anti-inflammatory activities of Brachystegia eurycoma seeds and stem bark
Publication
Der Pharma Chemica, 2013, 5(1):224-228
Author
Igwe O.U. & Okwu D.E.
Website
http://derpharmachemica.com/vol5-iss1/DPC-2013-5-1-224-228.pdf
Publisher
Scholars Research Library
Year
2013
ISBN
0975-413X
Description
An on-line publication, a research paper looking at the antiinflammatory activity of Brachystegia eurycoma.
].

Medicinal

The stem exudate has effective antibacterial activity. It is used traditionally in the treatment of wounds and infections[
881
Title
Isolation, characterization and antibacterial activity of 3-hydroxy-2,2-bis propanal from Brachystegia eurycoma
Publication
Der Pharma Chemica, 2013, 5(2):39-44
Author
Igwe O.U. & Okwu D.E.
Website
http://derpharmachemica.com/vol5-iss2/DPC-2013-5-2-39-44.pdf
Publisher
Scholars Research Library
Year
2013
ISBN
0975-413X
Description
An on-line publication, a research paper looking at the antibacterial activity of Brachystegia eurycoma.
].

The stem bark is antifungal[
881
Title
Isolation, characterization and antibacterial activity of 3-hydroxy-2,2-bis propanal from Brachystegia eurycoma
Publication
Der Pharma Chemica, 2013, 5(2):39-44
Author
Igwe O.U. & Okwu D.E.
Website
http://derpharmachemica.com/vol5-iss2/DPC-2013-5-2-39-44.pdf
Publisher
Scholars Research Library
Year
2013
ISBN
0975-413X
Description
An on-line publication, a research paper looking at the antibacterial activity of Brachystegia eurycoma.
].

A tincture of the seeds and also of the stem bark have shown effective antiinflammatory activity[
882
Title
Phytochemical composition and anti-inflammatory activities of Brachystegia eurycoma seeds and stem bark
Publication
Der Pharma Chemica, 2013, 5(1):224-228
Author
Igwe O.U. & Okwu D.E.
Website
http://derpharmachemica.com/vol5-iss1/DPC-2013-5-1-224-228.pdf
Publisher
Scholars Research Library
Year
2013
ISBN
0975-413X
Description
An on-line publication, a research paper looking at the antiinflammatory activity of Brachystegia eurycoma.
].

Other Uses

The seed pods make a good fuel[
882
Title
Phytochemical composition and anti-inflammatory activities of Brachystegia eurycoma seeds and stem bark
Publication
Der Pharma Chemica, 2013, 5(1):224-228
Author
Igwe O.U. & Okwu D.E.
Website
http://derpharmachemica.com/vol5-iss1/DPC-2013-5-1-224-228.pdf
Publisher
Scholars Research Library
Year
2013
ISBN
0975-413X
Description
An on-line publication, a research paper looking at the antiinflammatory activity of Brachystegia eurycoma.
].

A gum is obtained from the stems[
883
Title
Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew
Year
1923
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a rather dated but still useful treatment of the genus Brachystegia with quite a lot of information on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It has medicinal uses[
881
Title
Isolation, characterization and antibacterial activity of 3-hydroxy-2,2-bis propanal from Brachystegia eurycoma
Publication
Der Pharma Chemica, 2013, 5(2):39-44
Author
Igwe O.U. & Okwu D.E.
Website
http://derpharmachemica.com/vol5-iss2/DPC-2013-5-2-39-44.pdf
Publisher
Scholars Research Library
Year
2013
ISBN
0975-413X
Description
An on-line publication, a research paper looking at the antibacterial activity of Brachystegia eurycoma.
].

The heartwood is light brown to red brown with purplish glints; it is clearly demarcated from the 6 - 15cm wide band of white sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain usually interlocked, sometimes irregular. The wood is heavy; moderately hard to hard; elastic; moderately durable, being resistant to dry wood borers and moderately resistant to fungi and termites. It seasons fairly slowly, with a high risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is stable in service. The wood has a fairly high blunting effect, stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; it is difficult to obtain a good finish due to the irregular grain, careful sanding and filling are required; nailing and screwing are good, but pre-boring is required to prevent splitting; gluing is correct. A possible substitute for mahogany, the wood has various uses including in construction, cabinet making, furniture, flooring, light carpentry, interior joinery and panelling and veneer[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
,
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
,
880
Title
Plant Inventory No. 165
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA; Washington.
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plant material (seeds, cuttings etc) recieved by the United States Division of Plant Exploration and Introduction during the period from January 1 to December 31, 1957. It details some plant uses.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-10-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Brachystegia+eurycoma>

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