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Useful Tropical Plants

(Redirected from Urochloa fusca)

Brachiaria fasciculata

(Sw.) Parodi

Poaceae


The genera Brachiaria and Urochloa are closely related, and the two are united by some authors. See Veldkamp, Taxon 45 (1986) 319. However, this unification is not accepted by all authors - see Flora of China Vol 22 pp520-523 2006. We are following the treatment in the Flora of China and the Kew 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families', and treating the two genera as distinct[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Brachiaria and Urochloa are distinguished mainly by habit, Urochloa having rather more flattened, cuspidate spikelets enclosing a pronounced mucro from the upper lemma. The different spikelet orientation is also characteristic, though not obvious when the spikelets are paired. In Urochloa the lower glume faces outward, whereas in Brachiaria it lies against the rachis[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]..

+ Synonyms

Digitaria miliacea Willd. ex Steud.

Panicum carthaginense Sw.

Panicum chartaginense Sw.

Panicum fasciculatum Sw.

Panicum fastigiatum Poir.

Panicum flavescens Sw.

Panicum fuscatum J.Presl ex Steud.

Panicum fuscorubens Lam.

Panicum fuscum Sw.

Panicum fuscum fasciculatum (Sw.) Griseb.

Panicum illinoniense Desv.

Panicum nigricans Willd. ex Spreng.

Panicum reticulatum Griseb.

Panicum reticulatum Torr.

Panicum spithamaeum Willd. ex Nees

Panicum spithameum Willd. ex Steud.

Panicum spithamineum Willd. ex Steud.

Panicum thouarsianum Nees ex Steud.

Urochloa fasciculata (Sw.) R.D.Webster ex Morrone & Zuloaga

Urochloa fasciculata reticulata (Torr.) R.D.Webster

Urochloa fusca (Sw.) B.F.Hansen & Wunderlin

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Brachiaria fasciculata is an annual grass producing a cluster of decumbent culms 20 - 120cm tall thar form roots at their lower nodes[
286
Title
Flora of Australia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/abif/flora/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The full information from the Flora of Australia - on-line. An excellent resource.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food. It is occasionally cultivated for its edible seed[
286
Title
Flora of Australia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/abif/flora/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The full information from the Flora of Australia - on-line. An excellent resource.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

286
Title
Flora of Australia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/abif/flora/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The full information from the Flora of Australia - on-line. An excellent resource.

Range

S. America - all countries except Chile; through the Caribbean and C. America north to Arizona, Oklahoma, Georgia and Florida

Habitat

Tropical and subtropical wet sclerophyll forests, dry sclerophyll forests, Brigalow forests, tropical and subtropical sub-humid woodlands, temperate sub-humid woodlands, and semi-arid shrub woodlands[
286
Title
Flora of Australia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/abif/flora/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The full information from the Flora of Australia - on-line. An excellent resource.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.80 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

Brachiaria fasciculata has a wide native range from the warm temperate zone of southern S. America, through the tropical regions of the Americas to the southern States of the USA.

The plant is frequently found growing as a weed[
286
Title
Flora of Australia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/abif/flora/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The full information from the Flora of Australia - on-line. An excellent resource.
].

Edible Uses

Seed[
286
Title
Flora of Australia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/abif/flora/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The full information from the Flora of Australia - on-line. An excellent resource.
]. Used as a cereal.

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-07-06. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Brachiaria+fasciculata&redir=Urochloa+fusca>

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