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Useful Tropical Plants

Bothriochloa pertusa

(L.) A.Camus

Poaceae


Some of the African material referred to as Bothriochloa pertusa may in fact be the morphologically similar, but more robust, Bothriochloa insculpta[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].

+ Synonyms

Amphilophis pertusa (L.) Stapf

Andropogon armillaris Willd. ex Steud.

Andropogon pertusus (L.) Willd.

Bothriochloa nana W.Z.Fang

Dichanthium ischaemum pertusum (L.) Roberty

Dichanthium pertusum (L.) Clayton

Elionurus pertusus Nees ex Steud.

Holcus pertusus L.

Lepeocercis pertusa (L.) Hassk.

Sorghum pertusum (L.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Bothriochloa pertusa
Growing in, and dominating, a pasture in Hawaii
Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr
Creative Commons License
Bothriochloa pertusa Bothriochloa pertusa Bothriochloa pertusa Bothriochloa pertusa Bothriochloa pertusa

General Information

Bothriochloa pertusa is a perennial grass with more or less erect culms 30 - 60cm long. The plant produces stolons, and forms new roots where leaf nodes touch the ground, gradually spreading to form a mat of growth.
The plant is cultivated in soil stabilization and reclamation projects and is also grown as a lawn and amenity grass.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Tropical and subtropical areas from Madagascar through the Indian Ocean, southern Asia from Afghanistan to Indonesia, N. Australia, western Pacific

Habitat

Disturbed areas and along roads in notophyll vineforest, deciduous vine thicket, Eucalypt woodland, beach scrub and wooded grassland at elevations up to 760 metres in northern Australia[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
]/

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Perennial
Height0.50 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated

Cultivation Details

Bothriochloa pertusa grows in tropical and subtropical areas, preferring areas where the rainfall is predominantly during the warm season. It can be found both native and naturalised over a wide latitudinal range, from near the equator to latitude 28°, and at elevations from sea level to more than 2,000 metres - this equates to a range in average annual temperature from about 17 - 27°c[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
]. There is little growth once temperatures drop to 3 - 4°c and, although tops and stolons are killed by frost, the plant can recover, producing new growth from its tufted crowns along the stolons providing that grass temperatures do not fall much below about -6°c[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
]. It is most commonly found in areas with a mean annual rainfall ranging from 600 - 900mm, but can tolerate a range from 500 - 2,000mm[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
Prefers a sunny position, though it also succeeds in light shade. It does not grow well when shaded by taller pasture plants or weeds[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
]. It grows well on neutral to alkaline, cracking clay soils in India, but also does well on well-drained, coarse to fine-textured soils with a pH as low as 5.0[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
]. It is most competitive on infertile to moderately fertile soils[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The plantt can withstand moderate drought, though prolonged drought will substantially reduce the basal area of the stand - regrowth is usually rapid when growing conditions become favourable[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The plant is able to withstand short periods of waterlogging, though prolonged waterlogging will kill or reduce its basal area[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
The plant has escaped from cultivation and become naturalized in some areas. It has been classified as invasive in open, disturbed sites such as pastures, savannahs, and along roadsides in Hawaii[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
]. It has no rhizomes, however, and is easily killed by cultivation so is unlikely to become a weed in cropping areas[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The fluffy seeds adhere to animal fur and thus aid the spread of the plant[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
]. It is especially likely to colonize poorer soils where other grasses may not grow, particularly when management favours spread of the species[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
The plant can survive fire, though severe fire can thin a stand[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is used mainly as a forage for ruminants, but is also suitable for erosion control and soil conservation projects; stabilizing and revegetating mine waste sites; lining floodways; and creating lawns, recreation areas and playing fields[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
It is an effective colonizing grass which provides good ground cover in reasonably sunny positions[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - there is a high level of dormancy in freshly harvested seed, which breaks down after 4 - 9 months storage. The seed is best sown on or near the surface of a fine, clean seedbed, at 1 - 3 kilos per hectare. To avoid erosion resulting from cultivation, it can be sown into the ashes following fire, although this results in poorer establishment. It germinates quickly and establishes readily[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-05-24. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Bothriochloa+pertusa>

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