Amyris papyrifera Delile
Boswellia chariensis Guillaumin
Boswellia occidentalis Engl.
Boswellia odorata Hutch.
Common Name: Elephant Tree
Elephant tree is a small evergreen tree with an open, spreading crown; it can grow 4 - 12 metres tall. The bole, which can be unbranched for 2 - 3 metres, is up to 50cm in diameter[
This is the chief gum resin producing tree in Ethiopia, where little effort has been done to domesticate it[
]. It has a very long history of human use, with evidence to show it being employed by the ancient Egyptians over 3,500 years ago[
]. It is often cultivated and harvested from the wild for its aromatic resin[
Tropical Africa - northern Nigeria to Ethiopia, Eritrea and Uganda.
Stony hillsides, often dominant and forming pure stands; sandy valleys; dry, rocky or more or less shallow soils; on granite; dry Acacia, Commiphora woodland and wooded grassland; at elevations from 400 - 1,830 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A fragrant resin is obtained from the stems[
]. It is used as an incense in churches[
]. Most resin is obtained by making deliberate incisions into the bark of the tree. The milky liquid that exudes hardens on exposure to air into droplets or 'tears' which are then easily detached by the collector. Occasionally, some tears are produced by accidental injury or from splits which occur in the stems or branches of the tree
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