If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Berlinia grandiflora

(Vahl) Hutch. & Dalziel

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Berlinia acuminata Sol. ex Hook.f. & Benth.

Berlinia heudelotiana Baill.

Berlinia laurentii De Wild.

Westia grandiflora Vahl

Common Name:

Berlinia grandiflora
Close-up of a flower
Photograph by: Marco Schmidt
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Berlinia grandiflora Berlinia grandiflora

General Information

Berlinia grandiflora ranges in habit from a shrub just 2 - 5 metres tall, to a spreading tree with a dense, rounded, crown that usually grows up to 20 metres tall, exceptionally to 30 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
879
Title
A Synopsis of the Genus Berlinia (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Edinburgh Journal of Botany 63 (2&3); 161 - 182
Author
Mackinder B.A. & Harris D.J.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A preliminary treatment of the genus Berlinia prior to the publication of a full monograph.
]. The bole can be 10 - 70cm in diameter[
879
Title
A Synopsis of the Genus Berlinia (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Edinburgh Journal of Botany 63 (2&3); 161 - 182
Author
Mackinder B.A. & Harris D.J.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A preliminary treatment of the genus Berlinia prior to the publication of a full monograph.
]. The tree produces very fragrant, large, conspicuous flowers[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of timber, the timber is also harvested commercially and exported. The tree is grown as an ornamental and to provide shade in plantations and villages[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Berlinia grandiflora is the most widespread of the genus and is known to occur within the protected areas network. However, the level of deforestation and natural habitat degradation in some of the areas in which the species occurs are high, indicating that botanical surveys and monitoring of the species is required. There are no estimates of population numbers for this species so population decline cannot be assessed with certainty, however population decline is not thought to be over the threshold for a threatened category. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

The seed contains fatty acids that can cause severe diarrhoea in humans[
1328
Title
Chemical and Spectra Studies of the Alleged Killer Seed of Berlinia grandiflora
Publication
IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC) Vol 7, Issue 1, Ver II 2018 pp 14-18
Author
Duru C.E.; Duru I.A.; Ikpa C.B.C. & Ibe F.C.
Website
http://www.iosrjournals.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2278-5736
Description
 
].

Botanical References

879
Title
A Synopsis of the Genus Berlinia (Leguminosae - Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Edinburgh Journal of Botany 63 (2&3); 161 - 182
Author
Mackinder B.A. & Harris D.J.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A preliminary treatment of the genus Berlinia prior to the publication of a full monograph.

Range

Western tropical Africa - Sierra Leone and Guinea to northern Angola, Congo and Central African Rep.

Habitat

Fringing forest; flooded rain-forest; swampy and wet places; disturbed forests; vegetation with Terminalia; sometimes abundant in gallery forest; to elevations of 915 metres in W Cameroon[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moister lowland tropics.

Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant (part not specified) is used as an emetic and a purgative[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

The bark sap is applied to sores and wounds[
1328
Title
Chemical and Spectra Studies of the Alleged Killer Seed of Berlinia grandiflora
Publication
IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC) Vol 7, Issue 1, Ver II 2018 pp 14-18
Author
Duru C.E.; Duru I.A.; Ikpa C.B.C. & Ibe F.C.
Website
http://www.iosrjournals.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2278-5736
Description
 
]
Bark decoctions are administered to treat hemorrhoids and liver problems[
1328
Title
Chemical and Spectra Studies of the Alleged Killer Seed of Berlinia grandiflora
Publication
IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC) Vol 7, Issue 1, Ver II 2018 pp 14-18
Author
Duru C.E.; Duru I.A.; Ikpa C.B.C. & Ibe F.C.
Website
http://www.iosrjournals.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2278-5736
Description
 
].

A decoction of the leafy twigs is used as febrifuge and antiemetic while leafy decoctions are taken as tonic[
1328
Title
Chemical and Spectra Studies of the Alleged Killer Seed of Berlinia grandiflora
Publication
IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC) Vol 7, Issue 1, Ver II 2018 pp 14-18
Author
Duru C.E.; Duru I.A.; Ikpa C.B.C. & Ibe F.C.
Website
http://www.iosrjournals.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2278-5736
Description
 
].

The analgesic activity of the stem bark extract has been reported[
1328
Title
Chemical and Spectra Studies of the Alleged Killer Seed of Berlinia grandiflora
Publication
IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC) Vol 7, Issue 1, Ver II 2018 pp 14-18
Author
Duru C.E.; Duru I.A.; Ikpa C.B.C. & Ibe F.C.
Website
http://www.iosrjournals.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2278-5736
Description
 
].
The leaf and stem bark extracts have been shown to have appreciable antimicrobial and antihelminthic properties[
1328
Title
Chemical and Spectra Studies of the Alleged Killer Seed of Berlinia grandiflora
Publication
IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC) Vol 7, Issue 1, Ver II 2018 pp 14-18
Author
Duru C.E.; Duru I.A.; Ikpa C.B.C. & Ibe F.C.
Website
http://www.iosrjournals.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2278-5736
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is sometimes grown to provide shade in coffee plantations[
1328
Title
Chemical and Spectra Studies of the Alleged Killer Seed of Berlinia grandiflora
Publication
IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC) Vol 7, Issue 1, Ver II 2018 pp 14-18
Author
Duru C.E.; Duru I.A.; Ikpa C.B.C. & Ibe F.C.
Website
http://www.iosrjournals.org
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2278-5736
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is pinkish-brown with purple or dark brown veins and frequent resin canals; it is clearly demarcated from the 10 - 15cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain straight or interlocked. The wood is moderately heavy, moderately hard, moderately durable, being moderately resistant to fungi and termites and resistant to dry wood borers. It seasons somewhat slowly with only a slight risk of distortion or checking; once dry it is poorly to moderately stable in service. It works well with normal tools; nailing and screwing are good, but pre-boring is required; gluing is correct. The wood has many applications, including for interior and exterior panelling and joinery, cabinet making, furniture, light carpentry, turnery, flooring, drums and veneer[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
]. Berlinia wood is, in general, similar to white oak (Quercus alba) in durability, density and usefulness. It is an attractive, decorative hardwood that can be used for fine, interior joinery[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Berlinia+grandiflora>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.