If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Berlinia craibiana

Baker f.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Berlinia craibiana is a shrub or, more commonly, a tree that can grow from 3 - 30 metres tall. The bole can be 20 - 40cm in diameter.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. There are no documented reports, but the plant is very likely to be harvested from the wild for local use of its wood - the wood is also likely to be traded, in mixed consignments with other members of the genus.
Berlinia craibiana occurs across a wide area in west Africa, and is known to occur within the protected areas network, but the level of deforestation and natural habitat degradation in some of the areas in which the species occurs are high, indicating that botanical surveys and monitoring of the species is required. There are no estimates of population numbers for this species so population decline cannot be assessed with certainty, however population decline is not thought to be over the threshold for a threatened category. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

West tropical Africa - Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon

Habitat

Lowland humid forest, forest edges, along streams and in secondary forest; at elevations up to 400 metres.

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *
HabitTree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is used as a healing medicine[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Other Uses

Other than one report for medicinal use, there are no documented human uses for this species. However other species in this genus are collected locally for building materials, as well as for food and medicines. The wood of the various species in this genus is very similar and so this species is likely to be used for purposes such as construction, furniture and flooring[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Berlinia wood is, in general, similar to white oak (Quercus alba) in durability, density and usefulness. It is an attractive, decorative hardwood that can be used for fine, interior joinery[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Berlinia+craibiana>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.