Bauhinia retusa Roxb.
Bauhinia semla Wunderlin
Lasiobema retusa (Roxb.) de Wit
Phanera retusa (Roxb.) Benth.
Bauhinia retusa is a moderate-sized deciduous tree[
A gum is commonly collected from wild trees, especially in Uttar Pradesh. It is sold in local markets in northern India[
]. The plant is sometimes grown in gardens for its ornamental qualities[
E. Asia - India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh.
Well-drained ground, on hill slopes or the sides of ravines[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
A plant of the subtropics to tropics. In its natural habitat the plant experiences an absolute maximum shade temperature from 35 - 45°c., an absolute minimum of -2 - +5°c; and a mean annual rainfall from 1,000 - 2,250mm[
Prefers a fertile, moisture-retentive but well-drained soil and a position in full sun[
]. Tolerates poor, stony ground[
The tree can be coppiced[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The clear gum obtained from cuts in the bark is used in sweetmeat manufacture[
The gum is reputed to be diuretic and emmenagogue. It is also used in the treatment of sores[
The tree is useful for clothing the slopes of hills[
A clear, light-coloured gum is obtained from the plant[
]. It resembles gum arabic (obtained from Acacia senegal and other Acacia spp.) and is used locally for sizing cloth and paper, but is not considered of very high value because it is only partially soluble in water[
A fibre is obtained from the inner bark[
The wood is one of the best of its genus in the lower Himalayas, but is not much used[
Seed - pre-soak for24 hours in warm water then sow in situ.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, with the leaves removed, placed in moist sand[
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