Baseonema acuminatum Choux
Baroniella acuminata is a slender climbing shrub producing stems up to 6 metres long[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
Africa - Madagascar.
Transition zone between the eastern rain forest and the plateau, and also in shrub vegetation at the southern part of the plateau, at elevations from 800 - 1,500 metres[
A decoction of the aerial parts or of the leaves is taken to treat cough, coughing fits as well as asthma attacks in children[
Phytochemical analyses of the aerial parts revealed the presence of sugars, the triterpene ursolic acid, various sterols e.g. sitosterol, the pregnane glycosides baseonemoside A, B and C and several polyphenol glycosides[
An aqueous extract of the aerial parts inhibited broncho-constriction in vitro and in vivo[
Several of the phenolic compounds showed significant activity against the growth of different Candida albicans strains in vitro, but no antibacterial activity against 6 bacteria in vitro[
A clinical test in 1984 with 43 adults taking a syrup made from the leaves showed good tolerance of the syrup but mixed efficacy[
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