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Useful Tropical Plants

Bambusa tuldoides

Munro

Poaceae


When growing in pots or in poor conditions the plant is dwarfed and develops swollen internodes. It can then easily be confused with Bambusa ventricosa McClure[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Arundarbor angulata (Munro) Kuntze

Arundarbor breviflora (Munro) Kuntze

Arundarbor brevifolia Kuntze

Arundarbor tuldoides (Munro) Kuntze

Arundinaria angulata (Munro) Porterf.

Bambusa angulata Munro

Bambusa blumeana Hook. & Arn.

Bambusa breviflora Munro

Bambusa fauriei Hack.

Bambusa flavonoda W.T.Lin

Bambusa longiflora W.T.Lin

Bambusa pallescens (Döll) Hack.

Bambusa parvifolia W.T.Lin

Bambusa tulda Benth.

Bambusa ventricosa McClure

Chimonobambusa angulata (Munro) Nakai

Chimonobambusa angulata (Munro) T.Q.Nguyen

Guadua pallescens Döll

Leleba breviflora (Munro) Nakai

Leleba faurei (Hack.) Nakai

Leleba tuldoides (Munro) Nakai

Leleba ventricosa (McClure) W.C.Lin

Tetragonocalamus angulatus (Munro) Nakai

Common Name:

Bambusa tuldoides
Drawing of the plant
Photograph by: Flora of China Illustrations vol. 22, fig. 9, 1-10
Creative Commons License

General Information

Bambusa tuldoides is an erect, evergreen, clump-forming bamboo growing 7 - 15 metres tall. The thin-walled canes are around 50mm in diameter with internodes 30 - 50cm long.
The plant is often cultivated around villages in China, where it is harvested for food, medicine and as a source of materials. It is also frequently cultivated as an ornamental, often as a hedge. When cultivated in pots or under unfavourable circumstances, the plant remains small with swollen internodes ('Buddha's belly bamboo') and is thus much treasured in bonsai and horticulture[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - southern China, Vietnam.

Habitat

Low hills and river banks[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Bamboo
Height12.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Succeeding in lowland tropical and subtropical areas, the plant has been known to survive short periods with temperatures as low as -7°c[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying. This species generally lives for about 50 years before flowering and then usually dies[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

Young shoots are edible[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The young shoots have an average fresh weight of 938g before peeling, 137g after peeling; the edible portion is 15%. They have a bitter flavour, and are creamy and tender when cooked[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The young shoots are harvested as they emerge from the soil.

Medicinal

Shavings of the culm cortex ('chuk yu') are used in Chinese medicine in the treatment of febrile diseases, haematuria, epistaxis and infantile epilepsy[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

Plants can be grown to form an effective screen and hedge[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

The culms are used for farm equipment and as punting poles and scaffolding[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The split canes are used in weaving utensils and handicrafts[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed - surface sow in containers as soon as it is ripe, preferably at a temperature around 20°c. Do not allow the compost to dry out. Germination usually takes place fairly quickly so long as the seed is of good quality, though it can take 3 - 6 months. Prick out the seedlings into containers when they are large enough to handle and grow on in a lightly shaded place until large enough to plant out. Plants only flower at intervals of many years and so seed is rarely available.
Division as new growth commences[
220
Title
Bamboos of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Stapleton. C.
Publisher
The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Year
1994
ISBN
0947643680
Description
An excelllent little booklet that looks in some detail at the native bamboos of Nepal, including looking at their uses.
]. Take divisions with at least three canes in the clump, trying to cause as little root disturbance to the main plant as possible. Grow them on in light shade in pots of a high fertility sandy medium. Mist the foliage regularly until plants are established. Plant them out into their permanent positions when a good root system has developed, which can take a year or more[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
Plants can be propagated vegetatively by rhizome, culm and branch cuttings. The propagules are raised in a nursery and after they have produced roots and developed rhizomes they are planted out in the field during the rainy season in pits filled with a mixture of compost and soil[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-03-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Bambusa+tuldoides>

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