Parinari benna Scott-Elliot
Bafodeya benna is a shrub or small tree growing up to 10 metres tall[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and tinder.
The plant is threatened by habitat destruction due to human activity. It is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
West tropical Africa - Sierra Leone, Guinea, Mali.
Derived savannah on well-drained hill soil, and in arborescent savannah, at elevations around 900 - 1,000 metres[
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Bafodeya benna is a plant of medium elevations in the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations from 900 - 1,160 metres. It is found in areas where the mean annual rainfall is around 1,900mm and there is a dry season of around 5 months[
Grows in the wild on well-drained soils[
]. This report is likely to relate to medicinal rather than edible use[
]. The ovoid fruit is 2 - 3cm long and 2cm wide[
The fruit is used in the treatment of worms[
]. The fruit has a tawny layer of a soft cottony substance lining the inside of the endocarp. The hairs in this layer are perfectly straight, apparently hollow, needle-shaped spines which project stiffly into the loculus cavity. These are used as a vermifuge, corresponding in a way to the mechanical irritation caused by the hairs of, for example, Mucuna pruriens[
The fruit has a tawny layer of a soft cottony substance lining the inside of the endocarp. This is used as a fire-tinder[
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