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Useful Tropical Plants

Axonopus compressus

(Sw.) P.Beauv.

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Agrostis compressa (Sw.) Poir.

Anastrophus compressus (Sw.) Schltdl.

Anastrophus platycaulis (Poir.) Nash

Anastrophus platycaulmis Schltdl. ex B.D.Jacks.

Anastrophus platyculmis Schltdl.

Anastrophus platyculmus (Nees) Schltdl. ex B.D.Jacks.

Axonopus amplifolius Chase ex C.E.Hubb.

Axonopus brevipedunculatus (Gledhill) Gledhill

Axonopus kisantuensis Vanderyst

Axonopus multipes Swallen

Digitaria domingensis Desv. ex Kunth

Digitaria platicaulis (Poir.) Desv.

Digitaria uniflora Salzm. ex Steud.

Echinochloa compressa (P.Beauv.) Roberty

Milium compressum Sw.

Panicum platycaulon (Poir.) Kuntz

Paspalum compressum (Sw.) Raspail

Paspalum conjugatum subcordatum Griseb.

Paspalum depressum Steud.

Paspalum filostachyum Rich. ex Steud.

Paspalum furcatum parviflorum Döll

Paspalum guadaloupense Steud.

Paspalum kisantuense Vanderyst

Paspalum laticulmum Spreng.

Paspalum macropodium Steud.

Paspalum platycaulon Poir.

Paspalum platyculmum Thouars ex Nees

Paspalum raunkiaeri Mez

Paspalum tenue Willd. ex Steud.

Paspalum tristachyum Lam.

Paspalum uniflorum Steud.

Common Name:

Axonopus compressus
Cultivated as a lawn
Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr
Creative Commons License
Axonopus compressus Axonopus compressus Axonopus compressus Axonopus compressus

General Information

Axonopus compressus is a robust, stoloniferous grass with flowering stems that can be up to 45cm tall. The leaves, however,generally form a dense mat that seldom reaches a height of more than 15cm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It forms a dense mat of growth and responds well to cutting. It is often used as a lawn, makes a good ground cover under tree crops and can be used to stabilize the soil.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

Widely distributed throughout S. America (absent in Chile), C. America, the Caribbean and southern N. America.

Habitat

Sub-humid and humid woodland and savannah, flourishing in moist soils[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Perennial
Height0.15 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist tropics and humid subtropics, where it is found at elevations up to 2,300 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 23 - 30°c, but can tolerate 16 - 35°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The plant has some tolerance to frost - although the tops may be damaged it is able to regrow from the base[
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,000 - 4,000mm, but tolerates 775 - 5,000mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Grows best in a sunny position, but is able to tolerate considerable shade[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a well-drained, medium to light soil of moderate fertility, but can tolerate heavier soils and low fertility[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 6, tolerating 5 - 7[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
The plant can escape from cultivation and become a weed[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It is considered to be invasive in many areas, especially in the moister lowland tropics and near the equator[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
,
415
Title
Tropical Forages
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/Forages/Media/Html/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Mainly focussed on forage plants, the site gives a lot of information on the plant, with a good botanical description, details of cultivation, plant uses and a good selection of photographs.
].
Plants can flower and produce seed all year round[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
]
The plant is reported to have an ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen through associated micro-organisms[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The whole plant is used as an ingredient in a curative herbal bath[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. The plant is used to treat heart problems[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Agroforestry Uses:

A good lawn grass, it can also be used for controlling soil erosion, though caution should be exercised since it can become a troublesome weed[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It is often allowed to grow as a soil cover under the dense shade of established oil palm and rubber plantations[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It is frequently noted as being one of the most persistent and productive native grasses in plantations and will persist under heavy shade where introduced grasses may not survive[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Division of the rhizomes
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Axonopus+compressus>

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