Attalea cryptanthera Wess.Boer
Attalea macropetala (Burret) Wess.Boer
Attalea regia (Mart.) Wess.Boer
Englerophoenix caribaeum (Griseb. & H.Wendl.) Kuntze
Englerophoenix longirostrata (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr.
Englerophoenix maripa (Aubl.) Kuntze
Englerophoenix regia (Mart.) Kuntze
Ethnora maripa (Mart.) O.F.Cook
Maximiliana caribaea Griseb. & H.Wendl.
Maximiliana elegans H.Karst.
Maximiliana longirostrata Barb.Rodr.
Maximiliana macrogyne Burret
Maximiliana macropetala Burret
Maximiliana maripa (Aubl.) Drude
Maximiliana martiana H.Karst.
Maximiliana regia Mart.
Maximiliana stenocarpa Burret
Maximiliana tetrasticha Drude
Palma maripa Aubl.
Scheelea maripa (Aubl.) H.Wendl.
Scheelea tetrasticha (Drude) Burret
Temenia regia (Mart.) O.F.Cook
Common Name: Inaja
Stem and canopy, showing old male inflorescences and several epithytes growing
Photograph by: Arria Belli
Creative Commons Attribution 2.5
Inaja is a single-stemmed, evergreen palm growing 7 - 24 metres tall[
]. The unbranched stem, which is ringed when young, is 20 - 40cm in diameter; it is topped by a crown of 10 - 22 large leaves that can be up to 11 metres long[
The tree has a range of uses and is often cultivated in parts of S. America[
]. In particular, the edible fruits are popular throughout the Amazon region, often being found for sale in local markets[
]. The seed is also eaten, whilst the plant provides oil, thatch, material for weaving etc[
]. An ornamental plant, it is used in landscaping[
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; Caribbean - Trinidad.
Dry land forest and open areas[
]. Coastal swamps and lowlands[
]. Lowland wet forest and secondary forest derived from it, at elevations up to 500 metres[
]. Usually found in land not subject to seasonal inundation[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
A plant of the lowland, moist tropics. Plants are frost sensitive[
Requires a sunny position in a well-drained soil[
]. Plants are usually found in more open areas in the wild but also succeed in the dappled shade of the forest[
]. Found in a range of soils from sandy to clayey[
Plants have a moderate rate of growth[
Fruit - raw[
]. A succulent, aromatic, almost fibreless pulp with a sweet, pleasant flavour[
]. It is used to make a drink[
]. The fruit is up to 5cm long[
The mesocarp provides a 'milk' for drinking[
Seed - the endosperm is toasted[
An oil extracted from the seed is used for cooking[
The apical bud is eaten as a vegetable[
]. Eating this bud will effectively kill the tree since it is unable to produce side shoots[
An oil obtained from the seeds is rubbed onto rheumatic areas of the body in order to bring relief[
The plant shows pioneer characteristics[
]. It regenerates vigorously after being cut down and the dormant seeds germinate after forest fires or the clearing of forested areas[
]. These traits make it an excellent choice as a pioneer species for restoring native woodland and especially, when taking into account all the plant's uses, for establishing a woodland garden[
The fruit is a rich source of oil[
]. It is currently being investigated for its suitability for biodiesel production[
The leaves are used for thatching[
The young leaves are made into mats and pack baskets[
]. They are used as a heavy-duty weaving material[
The woody bract is used as a container[
The seeds are used to make jewellery[
The wood is moderately heavy, hard, resistant, of low durability[
]. The whole trunks are used locally for rustic constructions such as stays, rafters and laths[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a nursery bed or individual containers[
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