Aspidosperma marcgravianum Woodson
Aspidosperma nitidum Benth. ex Müll.Arg.
Macaglia excelsa (Benth.) Kuntze
Common Name: Remo Caspi
Remo caspi is a huge, multi-buttressed, evergreen canopy tree of the Amazon Rainforest. It grows up to 30 meters high and has large above-ground buttress roots.
The plant is often used medicinally within its native range. The tree is quite popular with the loggers and the lumber industry since it produces a huge quantity of high quality rainforest hardwood timber[
The freshly cut wood and sap of Aspidosperma species causes irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, with general malaise[
The sawdust, on contact with abraded skin, produces local burning and a vesicular eruption with general symptoms of muscular weakness and cramps, sweating, dryness of the mouth, and faintness[
Once the wood is thoroughly dry it loses its toxicity unless polishes or dyes in organic solvents are used on it[
Western S. America - Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, and Guyana, through C. America to Costa Rica.
Lower elevations of the tropical rainforest[
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The root bark is antibacterial, antiperiodic, antiseptic, antitussive, aphrodisiac, carminative, digestive, febrifuge, hypoglycaemic, stomachic and vasodilator[
A decoction of the bark is a very common remedy for malaria, widely used by local people throughout the Amazon rainforest[
]. It is also used in the treatment of other types of fevers, digestive disorders, hepatitis, bronchitis, high blood pressure, inflammation, diabetes and cancer[
The stem bark or leaf stems are also chewed on to prevent cavities and relieve toothaches[
The main active constituents are a group of indole alkaloids that are called aspidosperma alkaloids. Several of these have been shown to have antimalarial actions[
The root bark also contains another well known alkaloid called yohimbine. This has been the subject of much research as a vasodilator for the treatment for erectile dysfunction[
The wood is durable, compact, strong and elastic[
]. It is used for construction, mill rollers etc[
]. The large buttress roots are often used to construct canoe paddles since the root wood is lightweight yet highly durable[
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