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Useful Tropical Plants

Aspidosperma cuspa

(Kunth) S.F.Blake ex Pittier

Apocynaceae

+ Synonyms

Alsodeia cuspa (Kunth) Spreng.

Aspidosperma decipiens Müll.Arg.

Aspidosperma domingense Urb.

Aspidosperma elliptica Rusby

Aspidosperma lhotzkianum Müll.Arg.

Aspidosperma lucentivenium S.F.Blake

Aspidosperma sessiliflorum Müll.Arg.

Aspidosperma woronovii Standl.

Conoria cuspa Kunth

Macaglia decipiens (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze

Tabernaemontana eggersii Markgr.

Thyroma decipiens (Müll.Arg.) Miers

Thyroma lhotzkiana (Müll.Arg.) Miers

Thyroma sessiliflora (Müll.Arg.) Miers

Common Name: Pereiro Amargo

Aspidosperma cuspa
Ripening seedpods
Photograph by: O. M. Nontiel
Creative Commons License

General Information

Pereiro amargo is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a light crown; it can grow from 3 - 8 metres tall. The bole is usually crooked, around 15 - 25cm in diameter[
409
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 38
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1951
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet. This volume contains part of the Flora of Panama and a revision of the genus Aspidosperma, amongst other things.
,
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. An ornamental species, it could be used with success in landscaping[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Known Hazards

The freshly cut wood and sap of Aspidosperma species causes irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, with general malaise[
407
Title
BoDD (Botanical Dermatology Database)
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://bodd.cf.ac.uk/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Brief notes on a very wide range of plants that have reports of causing harm to the skin.
].
The sawdust, on contact with abraded skin, produces local burning and a vesicular eruption with general symptoms of muscular weakness and cramps, sweating, dryness of the mouth, and faintness[
407
Title
BoDD (Botanical Dermatology Database)
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://bodd.cf.ac.uk/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Brief notes on a very wide range of plants that have reports of causing harm to the skin.
].
Once the wood is thoroughly dry it loses its toxicity unless polishes or dyes in organic solvents are used on it[
407
Title
BoDD (Botanical Dermatology Database)
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://bodd.cf.ac.uk/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Brief notes on a very wide range of plants that have reports of causing harm to the skin.
]

Botanical References

409
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 38
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1951
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet. This volume contains part of the Flora of Panama and a revision of the genus Aspidosperma, amongst other things.

Range

S. America - Brazil and Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela and the Caribbean.

Habitat

In arid thickets, light woodlands, and savannahs[
409
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 38
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1951
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet. This volume contains part of the Flora of Panama and a revision of the genus Aspidosperma, amongst other things.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height6.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Prefers a sunny position in a well-drained soil[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
An extremely variable plant, particularly in leaf size, colour, and indumenta or lack of it[
409
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 38
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1951
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet. This volume contains part of the Flora of Panama and a revision of the genus Aspidosperma, amongst other things.
].
Plants flower intermittently throughout the year[
409
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 38
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1951
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet. This volume contains part of the Flora of Panama and a revision of the genus Aspidosperma, amongst other things.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The leaves and bark are used as a febrifuge[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

The wood is moderately heavy, fine textured, cross-grained, with moderate durability and with good mechanical properties[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Because of its small dimensions, the wood is only used for small objects such as domestic utensils, instruments, tool handles etc[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Propagation

Seed - does not require pre-treatment[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a nursery seedbed in a semi-shaded position[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Germination usually occurs within 15 - 25 days[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

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