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Useful Tropical Plants

Aristolochia cordiflora

Mutis ex Kunth

Aristolochiaceae

+ Synonyms

Aristolochia clypeata Linden & André

Aristolochia gigantea Mart. & Zucc.

Aristolochia glaucescens Kunth

Aristolochia mariquitensis Mutis

Aristolochia sylvicola Standl.

Howardia glaucescens (Kunth) Klotzsch

Common Name:

Aristolochia cordiflora
Flower, from behind
Photograph by: Environmental Sciences Program, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
© Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
Aristolochia cordiflora Aristolochia cordiflora Aristolochia cordiflora

General Information

Aristolochia cordiflora is a climbing plant.
It is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

408
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 53
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
Contains an excellent treament of a section of the genus Inga. An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet.

Range

Northwestern S. America - Ecuador, Colombia, through Central America to Honduras and Costa Rica.

Habitat

Along streams and in secondary-growth thickets[
408
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 53
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
Contains an excellent treament of a section of the genus Inga. An excellent botanical publication, available for download from the Internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The flowers of many species in this genus form an intricate trap for pollinating insects. The insects are tempted to an area of the flower where they are unable to grip and they slide down into the utricle - downward pointing hairs prevent them climbing out[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. The trap helps to ensure the fertilization of the flowers and the insects are eventually released[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bitter-tasting roots contain alkaloids that resemble berberine and berberine[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. They are used as a bitter tonic and diuretic[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-08-08. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Aristolochia+cordiflora>

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