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Useful Tropical Plants

Aristolochia albida

Duch.

Aristolochiaceae

+ Synonyms

Aristolochia bainesii Burtt Davy

Aristolochia densivenia Engl.

Aristolochia dewevrei De Wild. & T.Durand

Aristolochia kirkii Baker

Aristolochia ledermannii Engl.

Aristolochia petersiana Klotzsch

Aristolochia truncata Peter

Common Name:

Aristolochia albida
Ripening fruit
Photograph by: Charles Rakotovao
Creative Commons License
Aristolochia albida Aristolochia albida Aristolochia albida

General Information

Aristolochia albida is a perennial climbing plant, usually with herbaceous stems but sometimes becoming more woody, especially near the base, and persisting[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
]. The unpleasant smelling stems, which twine around other plants for support, are usually less than 3 metres long but can be up to 10 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
1315
Title
Revision of the genus Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) in Africa, Madagascar and adjacent islands
Publication
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2006, 151, 219-238
Author
Holger De Groot, Stefan Wanke and Christoph Neinhuis
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The root and leaves are harvested from wild plants for local medicinal use[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. The root is sold in local markets[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Known Hazards

The plant is said to be poisonous to sheep and goats[
1315
Title
Revision of the genus Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) in Africa, Madagascar and adjacent islands
Publication
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2006, 151, 219-238
Author
Holger De Groot, Stefan Wanke and Christoph Neinhuis
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
]

Botanical References

308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
,
1315
Title
Revision of the genus Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) in Africa, Madagascar and adjacent islands
Publication
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2006, 151, 219-238
Author
Holger De Groot, Stefan Wanke and Christoph Neinhuis
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Tropical Africa - drier areas from Senegal to Ethiopia, south to Angola and Mozambique.

Habitat

Forest grassland, clearings and edges, riverine forest, scrub and bushland, also as a weed in waste places and sisal plantations from sea level to elevations of 1,500 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial Climber
Height2.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the tropics, growing in areas that have a distinct dry season.

The root merits further investigation into its pharmacological activity[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The flowers of many species in this genus form an intricate trap for pollinating insects. The insects are tempted to an area of the flower where they are unable to grip and they slide down into the utricle - downward pointing hairs prevent them climbing out[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. The trap helps to ensure the fertilization of the flowers and the insects are eventually released[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bitter tasting root is used as a tonic and stomachic, and also as a treatment for Guinea worms[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. The ground rootstock is an ingredient in a remedy for colds[
1315
Title
Revision of the genus Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) in Africa, Madagascar and adjacent islands
Publication
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2006, 151, 219-238
Author
Holger De Groot, Stefan Wanke and Christoph Neinhuis
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. The root, mixed with lime-juice, is given in cases of snake-bite, scorpion-stings, etc[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
To get rid of guinea-worm, the leaf may be applied on its own, or a poultice composed of the powdered root with the seeds of cress (Lepidium sativum), garlic (Allium sativum) and native natron[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. An infusion of the same mixture is drunk at the same time[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

An infusion of the dried leaves, sometimes with dried root added, is used as an anthelmintic[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The leaf is applied to certain (unspecified) painful skin-diseases, and crushed and mixed with castor-oil is applied topically on pimples[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

The plant (part not specified) is used as a medicine for treating malaria[
1315
Title
Revision of the genus Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) in Africa, Madagascar and adjacent islands
Publication
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2006, 151, 219-238
Author
Holger De Groot, Stefan Wanke and Christoph Neinhuis
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

In local medicine the root of this species is probably sometimes confused with that of Cissampelos (Menispermaceae), and also appears to be interchangeable with A. bracteolata[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-12-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Aristolochia%20albida>

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