Cylindrokelupha bubalina (Jack) Kosterm.
Feuilleea bubalina (Jack) O.Kuntze
Inga bubalina Jack
Ortholobium bubalinum (Jack) Kosterm.
Pithecellobium bigeminum bubalinum (Jack) Benth.
Pithecellobium bubalinum (Jack) Benth.
Archidendron bubalinum is a small tree, rarely reaching a height of 20 metres. The bole can be 25cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood and edible seeds, which are used locally.
Djenkolic acid, an amino acid derivative, has been found in the seed[
]. Ingestion of the seed can cause the formation of sharp needle-like crystals of djenkolic acid in the kidney or urinary tract. In severe cases, crystals of djenkolic acid have been found in urine. Indeed, people who are suffering from djenkolism show similar symptoms to those suffering from kidney or urinary stones, a condition for which it has been frequently mistaken[
Southeast Asia - peninsular Thailand, Malaysia, Thailand.
Primary and secondary rain forest, often emerging in regrowth; growing in sandy loam or lateritic soils; usually at elevations up to 100 metres but sometimes ascending to 900 metres[
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A plant of the moist, lowland tropics, though it can also sometimes be found at elevations up to 900 metres.
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The seeds are used for flavouring food[
]. They contain large amounts of djenkol acid which needs to be removed by boiling the seeds in 2 - 3 changes of water[
The heartwood is cream coloured, the sapwood white to pale yellow The wood is said to be durable. The freshly cut wood has a smell of garlic, as do the twigs and pods. The wood is used for planking[
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