Arbutus callicarpa Buch
Arbutus longifolia Andrews
Arbutus procera Sol. ex DC.
Common Name: Canary Madrona
Cultivated, fruiting plant in La Palma
Photograph by: Meneerke bloem
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Canary Madrona is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing up to 10 metres tall.
The fruit is gathered from the wild and used locally as a food. The plant is grown as an ornamental, valued for its evergreen leaves, flowers and fruits.
The tree is known from approximately 10 subpopulations, probably containing no more than 10,000 individuals. Numbers appear to be stable, though declining water availability and fires may affect some areas. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Canary Isles - the islands of Tenerife, Gomera, Hierro and Gran Canaria.
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Requires a lime-free nutrient-rich well-drained moisture-retentive soil in sun or semi-shade and shelter from cold drying winds, especially when young[
The fruit is made into a sweetmeat[
Seed - best surface sown as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed should be soaked for 5 - 6 days in warm water and then surface sown in a shady position[
]. Do not allow the compost to become dry. The seed usually germinates well in 2 - 3 months at 20°c[
]. Seedlings are prone to damp off[
], they are best transplanted to individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and should be kept well ventilated.
Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth. Poor percentage[
Layering of young wood - can take 2 years[
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