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Useful Tropical Plants

Araucaria columnaris

(G.Forst.) Hook.

Araucariaceae

+ Synonyms

Araucaria cookii R.Br. ex Endl.

Araucaria excelsa (Lamb.) R.Br.

Araucaria intermedia R.Br. ex Vieill.

Araucaria lavoixii Silba

Araucaria neocaledonica Linden ex Regel

Columbea excelsa (Lamb.) Spreng.

Cupressus columnaris G.Forst.

Dombeya excelsa Lamb.

Eutacta cookii Carrière

Eutacta excelsa (Lamb.) Link

Eutacta humilis Carrière

Eutacta minor Carrière

Eutassa columnaris (G.Forst.) de Laub.

Common Name: New Caledonia Pine

Araucaria columnaris
Male, pollen-producing cones
Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr
Creative Commons License
Araucaria columnaris Araucaria columnaris Araucaria columnaris Araucaria columnaris Araucaria columnaris Araucaria columnaris Araucaria columnaris

General Information

Araucaria columnaris is a large evergreen tree with a narrowly conical crown; growing up to 65 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole is free of branches for much of its length. A cultivated tree in Hawaii was nearly 50 metres tall, with a bole 120cm in diameter[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].
The tree is exploited locally for its timber[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].
This species is not considered to be threatened due to its wide distribution and the vigorous regeneration in most populations. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
,
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.

Range

Pacific - New Caledonia, New Hebrides.

Habitat

Often found on coral, this is also the only New Caledonian species of Araucaria to occur on calcareous substrate although it is not restricted to these substrates[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height45.00 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Edible Uses

No mention of edibility has been seen for this species, though many, if not all, of the species in this genus are likely to have edible seeds[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. The seeds of this species are 30 - 35mm long in a cone 10 - 15cm long and 7 - 11cm wide[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

One study has looked at the use of the plant as an indicator of lead for environmental monitoring[
329
Title
The Gymnosperm Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.conifers.org/index.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A vast amount of information on conifers and families of gymnosperms.
].

Other Uses

The light coloured wood is fine grained, keeps well under water, but is attacked by borers[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is used locally for general carpentry[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe[
134
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 2.
Publication
 
Author
Rice. G. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1988
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. An interesting article on Ensete ventricosum.
]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 2 months at 15°c[
134
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 2.
Publication
 
Author
Rice. G. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1988
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. An interesting article on Ensete ventricosum.
]. The plants have a rather sparse root system and are best placed in their final positions as soon as possible.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-08-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Araucaria+columnaris>

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