Aquilaria pubescens (Elmer) Hallier f.
Decaisnella cumingiana (Decne.) Kuntze
Gyrinopsis cumingiana Decne.
Gyrinopsis pubifolia Quisumb.
Aquilaria cumingiana is an evergreen shrub or small tree that can grow up to 5 metres tall[
The wood of all members of this genus, when infected with a fungus, becomes a source of agarwood, which is very aromatic and highly valued as an incense, perfume and medicine. The plant also provides a useful fibre.
The fungi-infected heartwood has a high commercial value and numerous trees are cut down, many of them uninfected by the fungus, in order to harvest just a few kilograms of the diseased wood. The increase in levels of trade over the past decade has resulted in overexploitation throughout the range of this species. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Southeast Asia - Indonesia, Philippines
Primary forest at low to medium elevations[
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The bark and roots are used to stop bleeding from wounds[
The bark, wood, and fruit are used as a substitute for quinine[
The incense obtained from the wood is aphrodisiac, carminative and sedative. It is used in the treatment of cancer, especially of the thyroid gland, and as a treatment for conditions such as abdominal complaints, colics, diarrhoea and asthma[
The heartwood of old plants, and younger ones infected with a fungus, produces a resin which is very aromatic. Known as agarwood, it is highly valued as a source of an essential oil and an incense and is much used in Buddhist, Hindu and Confucian ceremonies[
The essential oil obtained from the heartwood, especially of plants infected with a fungus, is used in luxury oriental perfumery[
The silvery inner bark is highly valued for its strength and durability. It is used for making ropes and cloth[
The wood from undiseased trees is very light in weight. It can be used for purposes such as light indoor construction, veneer and making boxes[
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