Antidesma paniculatum Willd.
Antidesma pubescens Roxb.
Antidesma vestitum C.Presl.
Common Name: Black Currant Tree
Blackcurrant tree is a shrub or small tree with a dense crown, that can grow up to 20 metres tall, but is usually smaller[
]. The bole is usually crooked and gnarled, branching from low down, though it can be unbranched for up to 8 metres, and up to 32cm in diameter[
It is harvested from the wild for local use as food and medicine.
E. Asia - southern China, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, Australia.
A wide range of habitats from savannah, open and dense forests and thickets; fresh-water and mangrove swamps; coastal fringes; roadsides and river banks; on dry to swampy ground; usually in secondary vegetation to 1,250 metres[
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Grows in the wild on clay, sand, lateritic soil, black peat, limestone; sometimes on ultrabasic soil; over shale and granite bedrock[
Occurs often in regularly burnt habitats and is said to be fire resistant[
Dioecious. Both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
The fully ripe fruit can be eaten raw, cooked or made into jams and jellies[
]. The reddish-purple fruits are subacid to somewhat sweet[
]. The fruit is about 4.5mm in diameter[
Young shoots have a sour flavour and are cooked and used as a vegetable[
]. They are also used like the tamarind for giving a sour taste to other foods[
The leaves are used as a poultice to treat headaches, scurf, abdominal swellings and fevers[
The stems are emmenagogue[
The fruit is purgative[
The wood is cheap but soft and splits when dried. It is nevertheless used for roof construction[
]. Another report says that it is hard and durable, but difficult to work because of the high silica content[
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