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Useful Tropical Plants

Anthonotha macrophylla

P.Beauv.

Fabaceae


The two largely sympatric species Anthonotha crassifolia and Anthonotha macrophylla are difficult to distinguish from one another. They can easily be separated when in fruit, much less easily when in flower and usually almost impossible when with leaves only[
1318
Title
Revision of the African genus Anthonotha (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Plant Ecology and Evolution 143(1): 70-99, 2010
Author
Frans J. Breteler
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
doi:10.5091/plece
Description
 
].

+ Synonyms

Macrolobium palisoti Benth.

Common Name:

Anthonotha macrophylla
Mature seedpod
Photograph by: Cyrille Mas
Creative Commons License
Anthonotha macrophylla Anthonotha macrophylla Anthonotha macrophylla Anthonotha macrophylla

General Information

Anthonotha macrophylla is an evergreen shrub or tree with a wide-spreading crown; it usually grows from 4 - 20 metres tall, exceptionally to 30 metres. The plant is often multi-stemmed, or branching from near the base; the bole can be 10 - 40cm in diameter, sometimes widening at base; often with a straggling habit[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. It is sometimes grown as a shade-producing and soil-improving tree.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1318
Title
Revision of the African genus Anthonotha (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae)
Publication
Plant Ecology and Evolution 143(1): 70-99, 2010
Author
Frans J. Breteler
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
doi:10.5091/plece
Description
 

Range

Tropical Africa - Senegal to Nigeria, Cameroon and southern Central African Republic, south to northern Angola and DR Congo.

Habitat

Secondary formations; gallery forest, riversides; with Elaeis guineensis at edge of rice-field; with Raphia; deciduous forest; coastal closed forest; at elevations up to 700 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
]. Undergrowth in the thicker
parts of the evergreen forest[
484
Title
West African Forests and Forestry
Publication
 
Author
Unwin A.H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
T. Fisher Unwin Ltd.; London
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
Quite extensive information on some of the trees of West Africa. The book can be downloaded from the Internet
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



Natural regeneration is usually good to very good[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
484
Title
West African Forests and Forestry
Publication
 
Author
Unwin A.H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
T. Fisher Unwin Ltd.; London
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
Quite extensive information on some of the trees of West Africa. The book can be downloaded from the Internet
].
Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

The seeds are useful as a general food[
1319
Title
Analysis and identification of oils from seed extract of Anthonotha macrophylla using gas chromatographymass spectro
Publication
African Journal of Biotechnology; Vol. 13(22), pp. 2260-2264, 28 May, 2014
Author
Ugoeze K.C.; Ehianeta T.; Alaribe C.; and Anyakora C.
Website
http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
1684-5315
Description
 
].

Medicinal

The bark is said to be useful in the treatment of venereal diseases and as a vermifuges[
1319
Title
Analysis and identification of oils from seed extract of Anthonotha macrophylla using gas chromatographymass spectro
Publication
African Journal of Biotechnology; Vol. 13(22), pp. 2260-2264, 28 May, 2014
Author
Ugoeze K.C.; Ehianeta T.; Alaribe C.; and Anyakora C.
Website
http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
1684-5315
Description
 
].

The roots are used to treat intestinal related discomfort[
1319
Title
Analysis and identification of oils from seed extract of Anthonotha macrophylla using gas chromatographymass spectro
Publication
African Journal of Biotechnology; Vol. 13(22), pp. 2260-2264, 28 May, 2014
Author
Ugoeze K.C.; Ehianeta T.; Alaribe C.; and Anyakora C.
Website
http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
1684-5315
Description
 
].

Gums extractable from the bark have analgesic properties[
1319
Title
Analysis and identification of oils from seed extract of Anthonotha macrophylla using gas chromatographymass spectro
Publication
African Journal of Biotechnology; Vol. 13(22), pp. 2260-2264, 28 May, 2014
Author
Ugoeze K.C.; Ehianeta T.; Alaribe C.; and Anyakora C.
Website
http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
1684-5315
Description
 
].

The leaves are antidote, astringent. They can be used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery, as antidotes in the treatment of venomous stings and bites, and also for treating skin infections[
1319
Title
Analysis and identification of oils from seed extract of Anthonotha macrophylla using gas chromatographymass spectro
Publication
African Journal of Biotechnology; Vol. 13(22), pp. 2260-2264, 28 May, 2014
Author
Ugoeze K.C.; Ehianeta T.; Alaribe C.; and Anyakora C.
Website
http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
1684-5315
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The tree is a shade-bearer, it protects the soil and helps to improve it484].

Other Uses

The heartwood is dark brown; it is distinctly demarcated from the white sapwood. The wood is cross-grained and rather hard. The wood is used locally for posts[
484
Title
West African Forests and Forestry
Publication
 
Author
Unwin A.H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
T. Fisher Unwin Ltd.; London
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
Quite extensive information on some of the trees of West Africa. The book can be downloaded from the Internet
].
We have no further specific information, but trees in this genus generally hace a tough, hard wood that is suitable for local construction purposes[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-11-12. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Anthonotha+macrophylla>

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