Anthocleista hildebrandtii Gilg
Anthocleista rhizophoroides Baker
Anthocleista madagascariensis is an unarmed, evergreen tree usually growing 8 - 12 metres tall, but it can be from 3 - 15 metres tall. The bole can be up to 30cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
Africa - Madagascar.
Moist, open localities, mainly in rainforests, at elevations from 450 - 1,700 metres[
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A decoction of the leaves and roots is taken to treat cough, malaria, fever, dysentery and as an emetic, tonic and bitter[
A bark decoction is taken to treat gonorrhoea, as a diuretic and antiseptic of the urinary tract[
A decoction of the plant is used as a steam bath to treat common cold[
A leaf decoction is taken to induce labour[
The plant is also used to treat constipation and nervousness[
The plant contains the monoterpene alkaloid gentianine[
Different extracts of the plant were shown to have a strong effect on the nervous system and on the heart, lowering the rhythm and diminishing the amplitude of the contractions[
The wood is used locally for construction work[
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