Annona friesii Robyns & Ghesq.
Annona stenophylla is a low-growing perennial plant with spreading, underground woody rhizomes. Annual shoots up to 1 metre tall arise from the rhizome, these stems can be simple or branched and sometimes become woody and persist for more than one year[
The edible fruit is eagerly collected from the wild for local use.
Tropical Africa - Angola, southern DR Congo, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique.
Usually found growing in Brachystegia woodland, on sandy or frequently burnt ground such as Acacia grassland. Also found on sandy, grassy slopes at the edge of wetlands, at elevations from 500 - 1,600 metres[
Succeeds in full sun and also in light shade[
]. Usually found in the wild growing in deep, sandy soils[
Plants can survive fires, resprouting quickly from the underground rhizomes[
Fruit - raw[
]. The pulp of ripe fruit is sweet, with a pleasant smell and taste[
]. Ripe fruit are soaked in water, squeezed and filtered for juice[
]. The orange-yellow fruit is 25 - 45mm long, containing a soft edible pulp full of numerous black, shiny seeds[
A decoction is made from the roots. This is usually then used as a steam bath, the vapours being inhaled for at least 5 minutes. Viewed as an all-purpose treatment, it is said to cure eye ailments in particular[
The seed of many species in this genus has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
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