This name is not universally accepted. We are following the treatment in the online Flora do Brasil 2012, but some other treatments accept the genus Rollinia, in which case the correct name for this species would be Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill.[
Rollinia deliciosa Saff.
Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill.
Rollinia orthopetala A.DC.
Rollinia pulchrinervia A.DC.
Rollinia sieberi A.DC.
Common Name: Wild Sweetsop
Wild soursop is an evergreen tree with a low, dense crown that can grow 10 - 20 metres tall. The bole can be 40 - 60cm in diameter[
The tree is commonly harvested from the wild for its excellent fruit, and also supplies medicines, wood and other commodities for local use. It is said to be the most popular fruit of western Amazonia and is cultivated for this fruit in some areas of the tropics[
]. The fruit is sold in some local markets, where they are known as Fructa da Condessa[
]. It is said to be one of the most promising of the unusual fruits being cultivated in Australia[
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean.
Lowland humid limestone forest from sea level to around 600 metres[
]. Found mainly in the more open areas of secondary growth[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of the hot, humid, tropical lowlands[
]. Plants are very susceptible to frost damage[
Prefers a fertile, well-drained soil and a position in full sun[
A fast-growing tree[
Plants can commence bearing fruit when about 4 years old[
Plants are becoming threatened in the wild due to deforestation[
Fruit - raw or cooked. Of excellent quality[
]. The yellow fruits have a juicy, melting flesh of a very pleasant flavour, reminiscent of lemon meringue pie[
]. Usually eaten raw, they can also be used in ice cream, pies, cakes etc[
]. The fruit can be up to 15cm wide[
The leaves are utilized in folk medicine as a treatment against rheumatism[
The seeds are very hard. They are used as beads in necklaces and bracelets[
The seeds are used as an insecticide[
The yellowish wood is medium-textured, straight grained, heavy in one report[
], but light in another[
], hard and strong[
]. It has poor mechanical properties and is not durable[
]. It is used for small constructions, making boxes and linings[
The seed of many species in this genus has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
Sow the seed in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A germination rate in excess of 50% can be expected from treated seeds[
]. When the seedlings are 6 - 8cm tall, pot them up into individual containers[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.