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Useful Tropical Plants

Angostura trifoliata

(Willd.) T.S.Elias

Rutaceae

+ Synonyms

Angostura cuspare Roem. & Schult.

Bonnetia trifoliata Walp.

Bonplandia angostura Rich.

Bonplandia angostura Spreng.

Bonplandia candolleana Spreng.

Bonplandia cuneifolia Spreng.

Bonplandia trifoliata Willd.

Cusparia angostura (Rich.) A.Lyons

Cusparia febrifuga Humb. ex DC.

Cusparia officinalis Engl.

Cusparia trifoliata (Willd.) Engl.

Galipea corymbosa Spreng.

Galipea cusparia A.St.-Hil. ex DC.

Galipea febrifuga Baill.

Galipea officinalis J.Hancock

Galipea trifoliate (Willd.) H.Karst.

Portenschlagia trifoliata Pohl ex Engl.

Sciuris officinalis Oken

Common Name: Angostura

Angostura trifoliata
Illustration of the leaves and flowers
Photograph by: The flora homoeopathica; Leath
Creative Commons License
Angostura trifoliata Angostura trifoliata

General Information

Angostura is an evergreen tree growing 18 - 24 metres tall[
460
Title
Flora Medica
Publication
 
Author
Lindley J.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans: London
Year
1838
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work - many of the botanical names have changed, but the book is still a wealth of information.
].
The bark is a very popular treatment for fevers in S. America, where it is said to rival quinine in its effectiveness. It also used to be the basis of a well-known bitter tonic, Angustura bitters, though gentian root is now used in its place.

Known Hazards

The bark is bruised and used to intoxicate fish.

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Brazil, Venezuela.

Habitat

Forests[
460
Title
Flora Medica
Publication
 
Author
Lindley J.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans: London
Year
1838
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work - many of the botanical names have changed, but the book is still a wealth of information.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

An extract of the bark is used to flavour various foods including bitter tonics, baked goods, candy, ice cream etc[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
].
The bark is the original flavouring for 'Angostura Bitters', which is now made using bitter orange peel, gentian and other herbs and spices[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
].

Medicinal

The greyish yellow, resinous, brittle bark is acrid, antidysenteric, bitter, digestive, febrifuge, stimulant and tonic[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
,
526
Title
An Illustrated Dictionary of Medicine, Biology and Allied Sciences.
Publication
 
Author
Gould G.M.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
P. Blakiston's Son & Co.; Philadelphia.
Year
1907
ISBN
 
Description
A major work at the time, though very dated now. Contains quite a lot of information about medicinal plant uses.
]. In large doses it is emetic[
526
Title
An Illustrated Dictionary of Medicine, Biology and Allied Sciences.
Publication
 
Author
Gould G.M.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
P. Blakiston's Son & Co.; Philadelphia.
Year
1907
ISBN
 
Description
A major work at the time, though very dated now. Contains quite a lot of information about medicinal plant uses.
]. The plant has a high reputation as a febrifuge, rivalling that of quinine (Cinchona spp.). It is considered an excellent treatment for intermittent fevers and is much used in treating yellow fever[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
]. Some caution is advised, however, because the bark can be easily confused with the very poisonous bark of Strychnos nux-vomica[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].
The bark contains several active compounds including an essential oil and the alkaloids cusparine and galipine. These alkaloids have been shown to have antispasmodic activity.

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-12-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Angostura+trifoliata>

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