Angostura cuspare Roem. & Schult.
Bonnetia trifoliata Walp.
Bonplandia angostura Rich.
Bonplandia angostura Spreng.
Bonplandia candolleana Spreng.
Bonplandia cuneifolia Spreng.
Bonplandia trifoliata Willd.
Cusparia angostura (Rich.) A.Lyons
Cusparia febrifuga Humb. ex DC.
Cusparia officinalis Engl.
Cusparia trifoliata (Willd.) Engl.
Galipea corymbosa Spreng.
Galipea cusparia A.St.-Hil. ex DC.
Galipea febrifuga Baill.
Galipea officinalis J.Hancock
Galipea trifoliate (Willd.) H.Karst.
Portenschlagia trifoliata Pohl ex Engl.
Sciuris officinalis Oken
Common Name: Angostura
Angostura is an evergreen tree growing 18 - 24 metres tall[
The bark is a very popular treatment for fevers in S. America, where it is said to rival quinine in its effectiveness. It also used to be the basis of a well-known bitter tonic, Angustura bitters, though gentian root is now used in its place.
The bark is bruised and used to intoxicate fish.
S. America - Brazil, Venezuela.
An extract of the bark is used to flavour various foods including bitter tonics, baked goods, candy, ice cream etc[
The bark is the original flavouring for 'Angostura Bitters', which is now made using bitter orange peel, gentian and other herbs and spices[
The greyish yellow, resinous, brittle bark is acrid, antidysenteric, bitter, digestive, febrifuge, stimulant and tonic[
]. In large doses it is emetic[
]. The plant has a high reputation as a febrifuge, rivalling that of quinine (Cinchona spp.). It is considered an excellent treatment for intermittent fevers and is much used in treating yellow fever[
]. Some caution is advised, however, because the bark can be easily confused with the very poisonous bark of Strychnos nux-vomica[
The bark contains several active compounds including an essential oil and the alkaloids cusparine and galipine. These alkaloids have been shown to have antispasmodic activity.
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