Andira stipulacea Benth.
Lumbricidia legalis Vell.
Vouacapoua legalis (Vell.) Kuntze
Andira legalis is a small, evergreen tree with a roundish crown; it can grow 4 - 7 metres tall. The bole is crooked and up to 30 - 40cm in diameter[
An ornamental tree, especially when in bloom, it can be used for street plantings[
The smoke from the wood is said to be toxic and to cause blindness if it gets in the eyes[
The bark and leaves are used medicinally as drastic purgatives, but if the dose used is too large they can cause death[
S. America - eastern Brazil.
Humid forests of the coastal lowlands, usually in clayey soils[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Requires a sunny position[
Young plants usually establish and grow away moderately well[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The seeds are vermifuge[
The powdered bark and wood are applied externally in the treatment of skin ulcers[
The active anthelmintic principle in the plant is the non-proteinogenic amino acid N-methyltyrosine (andirine)[
The wood is cross-grained; thick-textured; with moderate mechanical properties; heavy; soft and easy to work with[
]. It is used for general carpentry, boat construction etc[
]. Of small dimensions, it is mainly used locally in rustic constructions, light cabinet making, fence posts, railway ties etc[
The wood is used for fuel and charcoal[
Seed - the whole fruit is usually sown because it is difficult to separate the pulp[
]. Best sown as soon as it is ripe, in individual pots, covering them with 1cm of soil. A germination rate of over 50% is usually achieved within 2 - 4 weeks of sowing[
]. Plant out into their permanent positions when 20 - 30cm tall[
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