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Useful Tropical Plants

Anacardium spruceanum

Benth. ex Engl.

Anacardiaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Anacardium spruceanum
Flowering branches with prominent, white bracts subtending the reddish inflorescences
Photograph by: Gerrit Davidse
Creative Commons License

General Information

Anacardium spruceanum is an evergreen tree with a sparse crown; it can grow 20 - 35 metres tall. The bole can be 60 - 80cm in diameter, with a slight swelling at the base[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The tree yields a low quality timber and is sometimes harvested from the wild. An ornamental plant, valued especially for the attractive display of white leaves around the inflorescence, it can be used in landscaping in large gardens and parks[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
,
669
Title
Red Book of Crop Wild Relatives in Bolivia
Publication
 
Author
Mora A. Et al
Website
http://www.cropwildrelatives.org/fileadmin/www.cropwildrelatives.org/documents/Red%20Book%20of%20CWR%20of%20BOL_eng.pdf
Publisher
VMABCC-BIOVERSITY INTERNATIONAL; Bolivia
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a number of less well-known crops in Bolivia.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - northern Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Venezuela, the Guyanas.

Habitat

A sub-canopy to canopy tree in the Amazon rainforest, growing in upland areas that are not subject to seasonal inundation[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Requires a shady position when young, but tolerates increasing light levels as it grows larger[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Edible Uses

The fruit is succulent, with a very acidic flavour and a resinous fragrance[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. This report does not say that the fruit is edible[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. The apple-shaped fruit is about 20mm long[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

A red resin exudes from points of injury on the trunk[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. No uses are mentioned.

The sapwood is darker than the heartwood. The wood is regular-grained, light in weight, with average resistance to insect attack. It is difficult to saw and is suitable only for sawn boards for construction, concrete molds, wall joists and for making boxes in general[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Propagation

Seed - prior to sowing it requires soaking in water for 48 hours, changing the water every 8 hours, in order to remove germination inhibitors. Sow the treated seeds in individual containers in a partially shaded position. Germination can take 20 - 30 days[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2020-02-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Anacardium+spruceanum>

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