Cardamomum subulatum (Roxb.) Kuntze
Common Name: Greater Cardamom
Greater cardamom is a perennial plant producing leafy stems up to 1.5 metres tall from a creeping rhizome.
The fruits are harvested from the wild for use as a food and a medicine. The plant is sometimes cultivated, especially in India and Nepal[
E. Asia - India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sikkim, Myanmar to western China.
Dense forests at elevations of 300 - 1,300 metres in southwestern China[
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The seeds are sometimes used as an inexpensive substitute for cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)[
]. They have a distinctly camphorous or eucalyptus-like flavour[
]. The seeds are one of the ingredients of char masala, a spice mixture widely used in Afghan cuisine[
]. The seeds are used in the preparation of sweets and for flavouring beverages[
The whole, dark-brown pods are crushed and added to rice pilaffs[
The seed and its essential oil have medicinal uses[
The fruit contains 1.5% essential oils[
]. The oil contains cineol[
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