Ammannia apiculata Koehne
Ammannia attenuata Hochst. ex A.Rich.
Ammannia auriculata subsessilis Boiss.
Ammannia crassissima Koehne
Ammannia debilis Aiton
Ammannia densiflora Miq. ex C.B.Clarke
Ammannia discolor Nakai
Ammannia glauca Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Ammannia indica Lam.
Ammannia prostrata Buch.-Ham. ex Dillwyn
Ammannia retusa Koehne
Ammannia salicifolia Hiern
Ammannia verticillata Boiss.
Ammannia vescicatoria Roxb.
Ammannia viridis Willd. ex Hornem.
Celosia bicolor Blanco
Celosia nana Blanco
Cryptotheca apetala Blume
Hapalocarpum indicum Miq.
Hapalocarpum vesicatorium Miq.
Nesaea prostrata (Buch.-Ham. ex Dillwyn) Suresh
Ammannia baccifera is an erect, many-branched, annual herb usually growing 10 - 50cm tall with occasional specimens to 100cm[
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use as a food and medicine.
Tropical Africa, through Asia to India, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines to Australia.
Wet places and farmland in China[
]. Open, damp, waste places in the Philippines[
]. A very variable species, found in rice fields and other wet places in Pakistan at elevations up to 1,200 metres[
The plant is often found as a weed of cultivated land, especially wet sites such as rice fields[
Young leaves - occasionally cooked and eaten as a vegetable[
The leaves are irritant, rubefacient and vesicant[
]. The freshly bruised leaves are applied as a plaster to the skin in order to increase local blood supply in the treatment of skin diseases, wounds and swellings; and are also used as an external remedy for ringworms and parasitic skin infections[
]. The leaves or ashes of the plant, mixed with oil, are applied to herpetic eruptions[
The plant is used in the treatment of fevers, malaria, jaundice and to eliminate blood clots[
The plant yields resin, glucose, and probably an active principle. Phytochemical screening yielded tannins, saponins, flavonoids, steroids, and alkaloids[
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