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Useful Tropical Plants

Alyxia stellata

(J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Roem. & Schult.

Apocynaceae

+ Synonyms

Alyxia amoena A.C.Sm.

Alyxia brevipes (Baill.) Schltr.

Alyxia elliptica Cheeseman

Alyxia fosbergii J.Florence

Alyxia intermedia Vieill. ex Guillaumin

Alyxia latilimba M.L.Grant

Alyxia linearifolia A.C.Sm.

Alyxia myrtillifolia (A.Gray ex Hillebr.) H.Lév.

Alyxia obtusifolia R.Br.

Alyxia oliviformis Gaudich.

Alyxia palauensis Markgr.

Alyxia scandens (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Roem. & Schult.

Alyxia sulcata Hook. & Arn.

Alyxia thozetii F.Muell.

Alyxia torresiana Gaudich.

Gynopogon apolimae Rech.

Gynopogon brevipes Baill.

Gynopogon oliviformis (Gaudich.) A.Heller

Gynopogon scandens J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Gynopogon stellatus J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Gynopogon torresianus (Gaudich.) K.Schum. & Lauterb.

Pulassarium obtusifolium (R.Br.) Kuntze

Pulassarium oliviformis (Gaudich.) Kuntze

Pulassarium scandens (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Kuntze

Pulassarium stellatum (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Kuntze

Pulassarium sulcatum (Hook. & Arn.) Kuntze

Pulassarium thozetii (F.Muell.) Kuntze

Pulassarium torresianum (Gaudich.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Alyxia stellata
Flowering plant
Photograph by: David Eickhoff
Creative Commons License
Alyxia stellata Alyxia stellata Alyxia stellata

General Information

Alyxia stellata is a sprawling, evergreen shrub or climbing plant that can produce twining stems up to 3 metres long[
417
Title
Hawaiian Ethnobotany Online Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www2.bishopmuseum.org/ethnobotanydb/index.asp
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details on over 100 species of Hawaiian plants.
,
436
Title
Native Plants Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website containing information on a range of native Hawaiian plants, with descriptions, habitat, traditional uses etc.
,
459
Title
The Useful Plants of the Island of Guam
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 9
Author
Safford W.E.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Smithsonian Institute; Washington.
Year
1905
ISBN
 
Description
A very comprehensive, if rather dated, guide to the plants of Guam. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. A very fragrant plant, it is used to adorn the body and impart pleasant aromas to the body, to clothing etc. This species is one of the few plants grown commercially in Hawaii for making leis (garlands)[
436
Title
Native Plants Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website containing information on a range of native Hawaiian plants, with descriptions, habitat, traditional uses etc.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

490
Title
Flora Vitiensis Nova
Publication
 
Author
Smith. A.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden; Hawaii
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A comprehensive flora of Fiji, often showing plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Northern Australia and the Pacific Islands.

Habitat

Found in a range of habitats from dry, open sites to dense, wet forest[
417
Title
Hawaiian Ethnobotany Online Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www2.bishopmuseum.org/ethnobotanydb/index.asp
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details on over 100 species of Hawaiian plants.
]. Dense or thin forest, in thickets on hillsides and ridges, in beach thickets, and on sea cliffs, often on limestone, at elevations up to 350 metres[
490
Title
Flora Vitiensis Nova
Publication
 
Author
Smith. A.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden; Hawaii
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A comprehensive flora of Fiji, often showing plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Climber
Height3.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the dry to moist tropics, in Hawaii it can be found at elevations from sea level to 1, 500 metres with a mean annual rainfall of up to 2,500mm[
436
Title
Native Plants Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website containing information on a range of native Hawaiian plants, with descriptions, habitat, traditional uses etc.
].
Grows well in the dappled shade of a woodland, but also succeeds in full sun or in deep shade[
436
Title
Native Plants Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website containing information on a range of native Hawaiian plants, with descriptions, habitat, traditional uses etc.
]. Requires a well-drained soil, preferably moist, but it is also tolerant of somewhat dry conditions[
436
Title
Native Plants Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website containing information on a range of native Hawaiian plants, with descriptions, habitat, traditional uses etc.
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
436
Title
Native Plants Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website containing information on a range of native Hawaiian plants, with descriptions, habitat, traditional uses etc.
].

Edible Uses

We have seen no specific record for this species, but local wine industries sometimes use Alyxia to flavour their product with the coumarin substances found in the bark[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Medicinal

A decoction of the roots is used as a treatment for blood in the stool[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The chopped plant is combined with the stems of Senna ocidentalis and the bark of Bobea spp. and Acacia koa and then made into a mash. This mash is mixed with water and heated - the resulting liquid is used as a wash on cuts and other skin conditions in order to clean the infected areas of the skin[
417
Title
Hawaiian Ethnobotany Online Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www2.bishopmuseum.org/ethnobotanydb/index.asp
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details on over 100 species of Hawaiian plants.
].

The compounds responsible for the fragrant smell of many Alyxia species are a mixture of isomeric coumarins which are particularly found in the bark[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The presence of iridoid substances is also reported[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

Both the leaves and the flowers are fragrant when bruised or crushed. The stripped bark gives a sweet odour resembling vanilla[
436
Title
Native Plants Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website containing information on a range of native Hawaiian plants, with descriptions, habitat, traditional uses etc.
].
All parts of the plant contain courmarin, which gives the plant a pleasant fragrance[
436
Title
Native Plants Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website containing information on a range of native Hawaiian plants, with descriptions, habitat, traditional uses etc.
].
The leathery and woody leaves and bark have an enchanting fragrance, not noticeable until they are crushed or twisted. This fragrance increases with age and desiccation[
350
Title
National Tropical Botanical Garden
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ntbg.org/plants/choose_a_plant.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
General information on almost 400 species, with descriptions, habitats and some uses.
].
The plant was very much favoured by early Hawaiians and is still highly prized in lei making[
436
Title
Native Plants Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website containing information on a range of native Hawaiian plants, with descriptions, habitat, traditional uses etc.
]. These leis are chains of leaves, flowers and the bark after it has been stripped off the wood. These are twisted around each other to form a decorative and scented chain for use on festive occasions[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Because newly made kapa cloth has a strange smell, scented plants such as this species and sandalwood were stored in large calabashes with the kapa used for clothing and bedding[
436
Title
Native Plants Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website containing information on a range of native Hawaiian plants, with descriptions, habitat, traditional uses etc.
].

All parts of the plant can be used in steam baths to get rid of body odour[
436
Title
Native Plants Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://nativeplants.hawaii.edu/plant/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A website containing information on a range of native Hawaiian plants, with descriptions, habitat, traditional uses etc.
].

Propagation

Seed - the plant is easy to grow from seed, especially if the fruit pulp is removed prior to sowing[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
399
Title
Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://pdcs.ctahr.hawaii.edu:591/hawnprop/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the propagation of a wide range of Hawaiian plants.
]. Treated seeds sprout in 2-4 weeks, initial growth is slow, increases after 1-2 months[
417
Title
Hawaiian Ethnobotany Online Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www2.bishopmuseum.org/ethnobotanydb/index.asp
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details on over 100 species of Hawaiian plants.
].
Cuttings of 5 - 8mm diameter and 10 - 15cm long are preferred. The cuttings are directly inserted to a depth of 2cm in a medium of equal parts soil and compost. The cuttings should be screened from direct sunlight and regularly sprayed to maintain humidity. After 2 weeks roots of 1cm length will have developed, and the first pair of leaves can be discerned after 3 weeks. The cuttings are ready for transplanting when 2 - 3 pairs of leaves have developed. Shade as well as frequency of watering can be gradually reduced[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-04-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Alyxia+stellata>

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