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Useful Tropical Plants

Alternanthera brasiliana

(L.) Kuntze

Amaranthaceae

+ Synonyms

Achyranthes brasiliana (L.) Standl.

Achyranthes brasiliana Thouin ex Moq.

Alternanthera dentata (Moench) StuchlĂ­k ex R.E.Fr.

Alternanthera jacquini Standl.

Alternanthera jacquinii (Schrad.) Alain

Alternanthera moquinii grandiceps Suess.

Alternanthera straminea (Mart.) Millsp.

Alternanthera straminea (Mart.) Suess.

Gomphrena brasiliana L.

Gomphrena brasiliensis (L.) Lam.

Gomphrena brasiliensis Jacq.

Gomphrena brasiliensis L.

Gomphrena dentata Moench

Gomphrena patula J.C.Wendl.

Common Name:

Alternanthera brasiliana
Leaves
Photograph by: Tony Rodd
Creative Commons License
Alternanthera brasiliana Alternanthera brasiliana Alternanthera brasiliana Alternanthera brasiliana

General Information

Alternanthera brasiliana is an erect, herbaceous plant that can grow up to 3 metres tall, but is usually less than 1 metre in cultivation[
710
Title
Tropical Flowering Plants. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation.
Publication
 
Author
Llamas K.A.
Publisher
Timber Press; Oregon.
Year
2003
ISBN
0-88192-585-3
Description
A terse guide for the gardener to almost 1,500 species of ornamental tropical plants with brief details on their cultivation and, usually, a small photograph of good quality.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. It is often grown as an ornamental[
617
Title
Traditional Vegetables in Benin
Publication
 
Author
Achigan-Dako E. Et al
Publisher
Darwin Initiative; International Foundation for Science
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
Issued as a PDF on the Internet, it contains basic information on over 250 species of plants used for food in Benin.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Nicaragua, Belize, Guatemala to Mexico; Caribbean.

Habitat

Naturalized around habitations, in waste lands and fallow land in west Africa[
617
Title
Traditional Vegetables in Benin
Publication
 
Author
Achigan-Dako E. Et al
Publisher
Darwin Initiative; International Foundation for Science
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
Issued as a PDF on the Internet, it contains basic information on over 250 species of plants used for food in Benin.
]. Moist, shaded localities on ravine slopes and stream banks, at elevations from 200 - 600 metres in Java[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height1.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Grows best in a sunny position[
710
Title
Tropical Flowering Plants. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation.
Publication
 
Author
Llamas K.A.
Publisher
Timber Press; Oregon.
Year
2003
ISBN
0-88192-585-3
Description
A terse guide for the gardener to almost 1,500 species of ornamental tropical plants with brief details on their cultivation and, usually, a small photograph of good quality.
]. Succeeds in most well-drained but moderately moist soils[
710
Title
Tropical Flowering Plants. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation.
Publication
 
Author
Llamas K.A.
Publisher
Timber Press; Oregon.
Year
2003
ISBN
0-88192-585-3
Description
A terse guide for the gardener to almost 1,500 species of ornamental tropical plants with brief details on their cultivation and, usually, a small photograph of good quality.
].
The plant often self-seeds in the garden and can become weedy[
710
Title
Tropical Flowering Plants. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation.
Publication
 
Author
Llamas K.A.
Publisher
Timber Press; Oregon.
Year
2003
ISBN
0-88192-585-3
Description
A terse guide for the gardener to almost 1,500 species of ornamental tropical plants with brief details on their cultivation and, usually, a small photograph of good quality.
]. The stems of the plant, when discarded, can form roots and develop into a new plant[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
]. It has escaped from cultivation and become naturalized in some areas[
617
Title
Traditional Vegetables in Benin
Publication
 
Author
Achigan-Dako E. Et al
Publisher
Darwin Initiative; International Foundation for Science
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
Issued as a PDF on the Internet, it contains basic information on over 250 species of plants used for food in Benin.
].
Plants can flower all year round[
710
Title
Tropical Flowering Plants. A Guide to Identification and Cultivation.
Publication
 
Author
Llamas K.A.
Publisher
Timber Press; Oregon.
Year
2003
ISBN
0-88192-585-3
Description
A terse guide for the gardener to almost 1,500 species of ornamental tropical plants with brief details on their cultivation and, usually, a small photograph of good quality.
].

Edible Uses

Leaves - cooked and used as a vegetable[
617
Title
Traditional Vegetables in Benin
Publication
 
Author
Achigan-Dako E. Et al
Publisher
Darwin Initiative; International Foundation for Science
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
Issued as a PDF on the Internet, it contains basic information on over 250 species of plants used for food in Benin.
].

Medicinal

The plant is said to be aphrodisiac[
617
Title
Traditional Vegetables in Benin
Publication
 
Author
Achigan-Dako E. Et al
Publisher
Darwin Initiative; International Foundation for Science
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
Issued as a PDF on the Internet, it contains basic information on over 250 species of plants used for food in Benin.
].

The plant could be useful as an antiviral agent[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The leaf juice is squeezed into vinegar and drunk as a refreshing, antidiarrhoeic infusion[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - it can remain dormant in the soil for a long time[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-10-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Alternanthera+brasiliana>

Comments

POPOOLA OLUBUNMI ESTHER 10th August 2015 11:19
The leaves are simple,entire,oval and purple presenting epidermis. The flowers are conspicuous, white and in cluster.
Common Names: joy weed, Joseph's coat, ruby leaf, metal weed, parrot leaf.
Flowers produce a lot of seeds which can stay dormant in the soil seed bank for a long time.
It is a perennial plant.
Because of its characteristics of surviving,spreading and displacing other flora in new environments, it is suggested to be invasive and possesses some allelochemicals which might be responsible for this

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