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Useful Tropical Plants

Alstonia macrophylla

Wall. ex G.Don

Apocynaceae

+ Synonyms

Alstonia acuminata Miq.

Alstonia batino Blanco

Alstonia brassii Monach.,

Alstonia costata Wall. ex Miq.

Alstonia glabriflora Markgr.

Alstonia oblongifolia Merr.

Alstonia pangkorensis King & Gamble

Alstonia paucinervia Merr.

Alstonia subsessilis Miq.

Echites trifidus Blanco

Common Name:

Alstonia macrophylla
Young cultivated tree
Photograph by: J.M.Garg
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Alstonia macrophylla Alstonia macrophylla Alstonia macrophylla Alstonia macrophylla

General Information

Alstonia macrophylla is a tree; it usually grows up to 30 metres tall, exceptionally to 50 metres. The straight bole can be free of branches for 5 metres or more, it is up to 100cm in diameter, and is sometimes fluted at the base or with small buttresses[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for mainly local use as a source of medicines and wood.
The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

388
Title
Guide to the Trees of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Conn. B.J. & Damas. K.Q.
Website
http://www.pngplants.org/PNGtrees/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An Internet site giving good descriptions of the trees of Papua New Guinea.

Range

E. Asia - China, Sri Lanka, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea.

Habitat

A sub-canopy tree, found in a wide range of vegetation types and soils in primary and disturbed forest ranging from flooded areas to montane forest, on soils ranging from sandy clay to limestone, at elevations from sea-level to about 2,900 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



Often cultivated, the tree has escaped from cultivation and become naturalized in several areas, including Sri Lanka. It is recorded as invasive in several places, including Hawaii and the Seychelles[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark, in the form of a powder, decoction, infusion, tincture or wine preparation, is used as an antiamoebic, anticholeric, antidysenteric, antimalarial, antiperiodic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, tonic and a vulnerary[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The scraped bark is mixed with water and drunk, as well as used as a wash on the forehead, in order to relieve a headache[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The powdered bark, mixed with water, is used against skin diseases[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]..

A decoction of the young leaves is drunk to cure lung and ear congestions[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

The wood is used as hard alstonia[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. It is used for construction purposes, furniture and flooring[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-11-19. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Alstonia+macrophylla>

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