Alpinia cristata Griff.
Alpinia fimbriata Gagnep.
Alpinia fluvitialis Hayata
Alpinia nutans longiramosa Gagnep.
Alpinia penicillata Roscoe
Alpinia schumanniana Valeton
Alpinia speciosa (J.C.Wendl.) K.Schum.
Amomum nutans (Andrews) Schult.
Catimbium speciosum (J.C.Wendl.) Holttum
Costus zerumbet Pers.
Languas schumanniana (Valeton) Sasaki
Languas speciosa (J.C.Wendl.) Small
Renealmia nutans Andrews
Renealmia spectabilis Rusby
Zerumbet speciosum J.C.Wendl.
Alpinia zerumbet is a herbaceous, evergreen perennial plant producing leafy stems that can be 2 - 3 metres tall from a creeping rootstock[
The plant is particularly valued as a digestive tonic and is often harvested, both a a medicina and a a food and source of materials. It is cultivated throughout South-East Asia and in many other tropical and subtropical countries[
]. Especially in its variegated form the plant is sometimes grown as an ornamental in parts of the tropics[
E. Asia - southern China, southern Japan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia.
Shaded areas in open forest[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Plants in this genus generally grow best in a sunny or partially sunny position in a moist, fertile soil[
]. Prefers a slightly acid soil[
Plants flower on stems that are more than one year old[
The leaves are used as perfumed wrappers for cooked rice[
The pith of the young stem was commonly eaten in parts of Malaysia[
A decoction of the leaves is used as a bath against fevers[
The rhizome is astringent, carminative, sedative, stimulant, stomachic and tonic[
] It stimulates the digestion, and is therefore employed in the treatment of a wide range of digestive disorders including dyspepsia, flatulence, vomiting, gastralgia, colic and diarrhoea, it is also used in the treatment of malaria, rheumatism and bronchial catarrh[
The fresh rhizome is applied topically in the treatment of ringworms and other skin diseases[
The seed is used to clear cold, invigorate the spleen and warm the stomach[
The leaf sheaths are sometimes used as fibre for making rope[310.
The plant is pulped and the fibre used for making paper[
Division of the rhizome[
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