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Useful Tropical Plants

Allophylus cobbe

(L.) Raeusch.

Sapindaceae


There is a lot of disagreement over this species. Some botanists view it in a narrow sense, where it is one of perhaps 250 species in the genus, whilst others see it in a very broad sense where it is the only, very variable, species in the genus and that all other species are simply variations, and thus synonyms, of this one species[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. There are also various intermediate views. It seems that differences between species growing in one region do not hold true when those plants grow elsewhere. A fine example of this is given by the 'species' Allophylus timorensis and Allophylus racemosus. In Java, these two races are easily distinguishable - the former is restricted to sandy beaches and coastal rocks, whilst the latter is an inland form. Allophylus timorensis is distributed from the Malay Peninsula to the Pacific Islands, and is rather uniform - only in New Guinea the range of variability is somewhat wider and here it intergrades completely with a third species, Allophylus micrococcus, a form found in coastal as well as inland habitats. Typical Allophylus racemosus is nearly restricted to Java; towards the East of its range it grades into a fourth species, Allophylus ternatus, which in turn also grades into the third species, Allophylus micrococcus, in New Guinea[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The genus is currently (2014) being reviewed and it is hoped that an acceptable treatment will arise from it[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
As a further complication, it has been proposed that the species Pometia pinnata should be included here as a synonym - until the review is complete, it will be maintained as a distinct species[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Allophylus amboinensis Blume

Allophylus apiocarpus Radlk.

Allophylus bartlettii Merr.

Allophylus betongensis Craib

Allophylus blancoi Blume

Allophylus brevipetiolatus Radlk.

Allophylus cambessedei Blume

Allophylus celebicus Blume.

Allophylus chlorocarpus Radlk.

Allophylus crenatus Radlk.

Allophylus dasythyrsus Radlk.

Allophylus dimorphus Radlk.

Allophylus filiger Radlk.

Allophylus fulvinervis Blume

Allophylus glaber Boerl.

Allophylus granulatus Radlk.

Allophylus grossedentatus (Turcz.) Fern.-Vill.

Allophylus hymenocalyx Radlk.

Allophylus insignis Radlk.

Allophylus integrifolius Blume

Allophylus javensis (Blume) Blume

Allophylus laetevirens Ridl.

Allophylus largifolius Radlk.

Allophylus leptocladus Radlk.

Allophylus leptococcus Radlk.

Allophylus leptostachyus (Blume) Boerl.

Allophylus leucochrous Radlk.

Allophylus leucocladus Radlk.

Allophylus ligustrinus Blume

Allophylus littoralis (Blume) Blume

Allophylus lopezii Merr.

Allophylus macrostachys Radlk.

Allophylus malvaceus Radlk.

Allophylus micrococcus Radlk.

Allophylus mutabilis (Blume) Boerl.

Allophylus obliquus Radlk.

Allophylus peduncularis Radlk.

Allophylus quinatus Radlk.

Allophylus racemosus (L.) Boerl.

Allophylus repandodentatus Radlk.

Allophylus rufescens Blume

Allophylus rugosus Blume

Allophylus samarensis Merr.

Allophylus scandens Ridl.

Allophylus serrulatus Radlk.

Allophylus sessilis Blume

Allophylus setulosus Radlk.

Allophylus simplex Quisumb.

Allophylus simplicifolius Radlk.

Allophylus stenophyllus Merr.

Allophylus subincisodentatus Radlk.

Allophylus sumatranus Blume

Allophylus sundanus Miq.

Allophylus ternatus (J.R.Forst & G.Forst.) Radlk.

Allophylus ternatus Lour.

Allophylus timoriensis (DC.) Blume

Allophylus tomentosus Boerl.

Allophylus triphyllus (Burm.f.) Merr.

Allophylus unifoliolatus Radlk.

Allophylus villosus (Roxb.) Blume

Allophylus zeylanicus L.

Allophylus zimmermannianus Gilg ex Engl.

Aphania neoebudica Guillaumin

Aporetica gemella DC.

Aporetica penicillata Blanco

Aporetica ternata J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Cnesmocarpus excelsus Zipp. ex Blume

Diplocardia excelsa Zipp. ex Blume

Gemella trifoliata Lour.

Ornitrophe glabra Roxb.

Ornitrophe integrifolia Willd.

Ornitrophe repanda Roxb.

Ornitrophe schmidelia Pers.

Ornitrophe serrata Roxb.

Ornitrophe villosa Roxb.

Picrodendron arboreum (Mill.) Planch.

Rhus cobbe L..

Schmidelia bantamensis Blume

Schmidelia cobbe (L.) DC.

Schmidelia fulvinervis Blume, Bijdr.

Schmidelia glabra (Roxb.) Steud.

Schmidelia grossedentata Turcz.

Schmidelia javensis Blume

Schmidelia leptostachya Blume

Schmidelia ligustrina Blume ex Teijsm. & Binn.

Schmidelia littoralis Blume

Schmidelia macrophylla Zipp. ex Span.

Schmidelia mutabilis Blume

Schmidelia obovata A.Gray

Schmidelia parviflora Zipp. ex Span.

Schmidelia racemosa L.

Schmidelia serrata (Roxb.) DC.

Schmidelia ternata (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Cambess.

Schmidelia timoriensis DC.

Schmidelia tomentosa Hook.f.

Usubis triphylla Burm.f.

Common Name:

Allophylus cobbe
Fruiting branch
Photograph by: Unknown
Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens
Allophylus cobbe Allophylus cobbe Allophylus cobbe Allophylus cobbe

General Information

Allophylus cobbe is a very variable plant, mainly a shrub but sometimes straggling or climbing with a stem up to 4cm in diameter, and more rarely a tree that can be up to 25 metres tall. Tree forms have a straight, cylindrical bole that ca be free of branches for up to 10 metres, around 30 - 60cm in diameter, with buttresses up to 1 metre high[
388
Title
Guide to the Trees of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Conn. B.J. & Damas. K.Q.
Website
http://www.pngplants.org/PNGtrees/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An Internet site giving good descriptions of the trees of Papua New Guinea.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of wood.

Known Hazards

The fruits are used as a fish poison[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet

Range

Found throughout the tropics in S. America, Africa and through Asia to Australia and the Pacific; moving into the subtropics.

Habitat

Sandy beaches and coastal rocks; brackish and freshwater swamps; open places, shrubberies; along and in secondary and primarv forests of all kinds, limestone outcrops and granitic boulders; from sea level to 1,500 metres[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height6.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Found in a wide range of habitats throughout the tropics and moving into the subtropics from everwet areas to areas with distinctly seasonal climates[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
]. A bit sour[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. Somewhat fleshy[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. The red, globular fruits, mostly with only one mericarp developed, are 45 - 125mm long and 35 - 80mm wide[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Medicinal

The pulped leaves, or an extraction or decoction of them, as well as a decoction of the roots and the bark, are used in the treatment of stomach-aches and fevers[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. A disease inside the mouths of children is also treated with it[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

The scraped bark is applied to rigid abdomen, the bark to burns[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Other Uses

The wood is reported to be very hard but not very durable: it is mainly used as a timber for temporary structures and indoors, e.g. for rafters. Canes and hilts are made from the wood, as well as beaters for the cotton fruits (Mindoro). In
the Bismarck Archipelago, poles and branches are used for floats of outrigger canoes and for marking the location of fish traps[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The wood is used for fuel[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Allophylus+cobbe>

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