Alibertia acuminata (Benth.) Sandwith
Alibertia davidasae Steyerm.
Alibertia hexagyna H.Karst.
Alibertia longistipulata L.Riley
Alibertia panamensis L.Riley
Alibertia premontana C.M.Taylor
Alibertia tobagensis Sprague & R.O.Williams
Alibertia trinitatis Sprague & R.O.Williams
Alibertia tutumilla Rusby
Alibertia utilis A.Rich.
Amaioua edulis (Rich.) Baill.
Amaioua utilis Baill.
Borojoa lanceolata (Cham.) Cuatrec.
Cordiera acuminata Benth.
Cordiera edulis (Rich.) Kuntze
Cordiera hexagyna (H.Karst.) Kuntze
Garapatica edulis (Rich.) H.Karst
Gardenia edulis (Rich.) Poir.
Genipa edulis Rich.
Sabicea edulis (Rich.) Seem. ex B.D.Jackson
Thieleodoxa lanceolata Cham.
Thieleodoxa nitidula Bremek.
Common Name: Madrono
Madrono is a dioecious, semi-deciduous shrub or small tree with an irregular, sparse crown; it can grow 1 - 6 metres tall[
]. The bole is usually crooked and 15 - 25cm in diameter[
The edible fruit is appreciated locally and is often gathered from the wild[
]. The tree also has local medicinal uses and is a source of wood. It is sometimes cultivated for its edible fruits in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil (Amazonian area)[
S. America - Bolivia, Peru and Brazil, north through Central America to Mexico and the Caribbean.
Forests, usually in areas that do not become inundated[
]. A characteristic plant of savannahs and open woodland, especially in low, secondary formations[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of hot, tropical lowlands[
Requires a sunny position[
]. Succeeds in poor soils[
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
Newly planted seedlings usually establish well and grow away rapidly[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required[
Fruit - raw, in beverages, or used to make jellies and sweets[
]. A fleshy pulp with a sweet flavour[
]. The ovoid fruit is 15 - 30mm in diameter[
]. The fruit can be 70mm or more in diameter[
]. Individual fruits weigh up to 40g[
The leaves are added to baths in order to reduce hernias[
The tree is known to invade farmland and grows rapidly even in open areas; it is recommended as a pioneer species for mixed reforestation[
The wood is moderately heavy, coarse-textured, irregular-grained, hard to cut and with a low resistance to rot[
]. It is generally too small to be of much use as a timber, but is used as a fuel and to make charcoal[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed[
]. Only just cover the seed. A germination rate of around 60% can be expected within 50 - 60 days[
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